Chlorocodon whitei Hook.f.
Periploca latifolia K.Schum.
Periploca laxiflora K.Schum.
Tacazzea amplifolia S.Moore
Tacazzea laxiflora Engl.
Tacazzea viridis A.Chev. ex Hutch. & Dalziel
Common Name: Mondia
Mondia whitei is a climbing shrub with a large, tuberous rootstock, producing stems usually up to 8 metres long but exceptionally to 20 metres[
A multipurpose plant harvested from the wild for local use, it is especially valued for its medicinal virtues, particularly as an aphrodisiac, but is also as a food, drink, source of fibre and tooth cleaner. The plant is sometimes cultivated in home gardens and is often sold for medicinal purposes and as a vegetable in local markets[
The seeds are used as a substitute for Strophanthus seeds in the preparation of arrow poison[
]. The latex is also added to Strophanthus arrow poison[
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Sudan and Kenya, south to Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Found in a variety of habitats, ranging from humid forest, riverine forest, swamp forest and forest margins to humid or semi-dry savannah, sometimes along river banks, at elevations from sea-level up to 2,000 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
The flowers have a slightly fruity, unpleasant odour, which becomes stronger in the afternoons. They remain open for between 3 and 4 days and are probably pollinated by flies[
The fresh or dried leaves are cooked, sometimes with peanut butter, and eaten as a vegetable[
The dried powdered leaves are added to food as a condiment[
]. The vanilla-like odour may have potential as a novel African fragrance or spice[
The fruits are considered edible in some parts of Africa, although in southern Africa the seeds are used as an arrow poison[
The roots are used to flavour food and tea[
]. They are also used to make an energizing drink for wedding parties and a ginger-like beer[
The plant is widely used medicinally throughout its range, the root especially being valued. Relatively little research on the active compounds in the plant has been effected.
The roots contain 1 - 1.2% of an essential oil, 2.8% of a fixed oil, 20% glucose, 0.7% resin and 0.045% of a glycoside[
The essential oil causes inflammation and reddening of the skin, irritation of the mucous membranes and relaxes mammalian intestinal smooth muscles[
Hexane, methanol and water extracts of the leaves and roots did not show any antibacterial activity against a range of human pathogens. The hexane and methanol extracts showed significant anti-inflammatory activity[
An aqueous root extract showed moderate activity against Schistosoma haematobium[
An aqueous root bark extract at 400 mg/kg/day given orally during 8 days increased testosterone production and fertility of male rats[
An aqueous root extract administered to human spermatozoa in vitro was found to enhance total motility as well as progressive motility in a time-dependent manner[
Both the roots and the root bark have a pronounced vanilla-like odour and taste like a mixture of liquorice and ginger[
].They are anodyne, aphrodisiac, appetizer, carminative, diuretic, expectorant, purgative, restorative, stomachic, tonic and uterine stimulant[
]. The root is especially highly valued throughout Africa as an aphrodisiac - the fresh or dried roots are chewed to treat sexual weakness, prevent premature ejaculation and to increase sperm production[
]. A decoction or infusion is widely taken to treat digestive troubles including gastro-intestinal problems, stomach-ache, indigestion, constipation, anorexia, and as a restorative and appetite stimulant[
]. The decoction is also used to treat a wide range of other conditions, including urinary infections, gonorrhoea, jaundice, coughs, bronchitis, chest complaints, headache, paralysis and epileptic attacks, depression, to relieve body pains and to treat fits in children[
]. The root is pulverized and added to porridge in order to treat schistosomiasis[
A plant extract is taken to treat malaria[
The leaves are squeezed in water and the filtrate is drunk to stop heavy post partum bleeding[
].T A leaf decoction is drunk to stop vomiting[
The plant is grown to reinforce enclosures[
A fibre obtained from the stem yields a strong rope and a fine thread[
The woody parts of the root are used as chewing sticks[