Binectaria fragrans (Baker) Kuntze
Imbricaria fragrans Baker
Kaukenia kummel (Bruce ex A.DC.) Kuntze
Mimusops djurensis Engl.
Mimusops fragrans (Baker) Engl.
Mimusops kerstingii Engl.
Mimusops kilimandscharica Engl.
Mimusops langenburgiana Engl.
Mimusops longipes Baker
Mimusops pohlii Engl.
Mimusops stenosepala Chiov.
Mimusops kummel is an evergreen plant ranging in size from a shrub to a large tree usually growing up to 25 metres tall, but occasionally to 35 metres[
]. The bole can be up to 100cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild and used locally as a food, medicine and source of timber. It is also sometimes allowed to remain as a shade tree in coffee plantations. It is sometimes sold in local markets (the report does not specify which part of the plant[
]. An important fruit tree locally, it warrants domestication and breeding for improved forms[
Tropical Africa - Guinea and Cote D'Ivoire to Eritrea and Ethiopia, south through Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi.
Widespread but usually scattered in riverine forest; also found in upland dry evergreen forest and wooded grassland up to 2,100 metres[
]. In areas with an annual rainfall of 1,000 mm, it is characteristic of forests on the most humid soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Semi-cultivated, Wild
The tree is tolerant of pruning and pollarding[
Fruit - raw[
]. A sweet, fleshy pulp, it is eaten as a snack[
]. Ripe fruits can be dried in the sun, pounded, and the powder used for making juice or an alcoholic beverage[
]. The orange-red fruit is an ellipsoid to ovoid berry up to 25mm long, containing a single large seed[
The roots are used in traditional medicine as a laxative and galactagogue[
The seeds are used to treat ascariasis[
The bark is used as a treatment for anaemia, asthma and malaria[
The trees provide a good shade and so are often conserved when land is cleared for planting coffee to serve as shade trees[
The heartwood is reddish brown; distinctly demarcated from the creamy to yellowish sapwood. The wood is heavy and hard[
]. It is used for construction, utensils carving, beehives and tool handles[
]. The branches are used traditionally as arrow shafts[
The wood is used for fuel and also for making charcoal[
Seed - germinates within 18 - 45 days from sowing[
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