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Useful Tropical Plants

Mikania micrantha

Kunth

Asteraceae

+ Synonyms

Eupatorium denticulatum Vahl

Eupatorium orinocense (Kunth) M.Gómez

Kleinia alata G.Mey.

Mikania alata (G.Mey.) DC.

Mikania cissampelina DC.

Mikania denticulata (Vahl) Willd.

Mikania glechomifolia Sch.Bip. ex Baker

Mikania micrantha (Hieron.) B.L.Rob.

Mikania orinocensis Kunth

Mikania scandens cynanchifolia Hook. & Arn. ex Baker

Mikania scandens sagittifolia Hassl.

Mikania scandens subcymosa (Gardner) Baker

Mikania scandens umbellifera (Gardner) Baker

Mikania sinuata Rusby

Mikania subcrenata Hook. & Arn.

Mikania subcymosa Gardner

Mikania umbellifera Gardner

Mikania variabilis Meyen & Walp.

Willoughbya cissampelina (DC.) Kuntze

Willoughbya micrantha (Kunth) Rusby

Willoughbya scandens orinocensis (Kunth) Kuntze

Willoughbya variabilis (Meyen & Walp.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Mikania micrantha
Growing here as a weed in Thailand, the plant is totally smothering the native growth
Photograph by: Drajay1976
Creative Commons License
Mikania micrantha Mikania micrantha Mikania micrantha Mikania micrantha

General Information

Mikania micrantha is a very vigorous, climbing plant with slender, much branched, twining stems that are seldom more than 2cm in diameter[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It is also cultivated as an ornamental and ground cover plant, though because of its ability to spread as a weed these uses should be discouraged outside of the plant's native range.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Throughout most of tropical and subtropical south and central America and the Caribbean.

Habitat

Disturbed forest, stream banks, roadsides, pastures, plantations and cultivated crops in humid, sunny or shaded habitats at elevations up to 2,000 metres[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
HabitPerennial Climber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Tolerates some shade, growing best where fertility, organic matter, and soil and air humidities are all high[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
This species is widely regarded as one of the worlds worst weeds[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
]. It is a major weed in plantations, pastures and along roadsides, and is an intermediate weed in crops and forestry[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. It tolerates some shade, and very rapidly overgrows abandoned areas[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. Cleared areas, especially in or near forest, can be quickly overrun by the plant as the ground is rapidly covered by a dense tangled mat of trailing stems. It also tends to smother shrubs and small trees, these being sometimes almost hidden[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. The seed is dispersed by the wind or in clothing, or by the hair of animals. It also reproduces vegetatively from broken stem fragments, with each node of the stem able to produce roots. The use of this species as cattle feed, cover crop, and as a garden ornamental further helps it to spread[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
Plants can flower and produce fruit all year round[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A tea made from the whole plant is used as a treatment for stomach aches and to clean out the uterus (dilation and curettage[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. It is boiled with other plants to produce a tonic that can reduce malarial fever[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

A decoction of the stem and leaves is used as a remedy for a children's clyster and to treat malaria and eczema[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. The stems are squeezed, mixed with ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale) and eaten with green vegetables as a remedy for colds, headaches and stomach aches[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

The leaves are antidote, cholagogue, diuretic and febrifuge. They are boiled, and the water drunk as an anti-menorrhagic[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. An infusion is used as a remedy for snakebite and syphilis[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].
The juice of the leaves is applied topically in order to treat external ulcers and itch.[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
] Leaf in liquid mixture is used to treat children's anal thrush, and it is placed in hot water bath for women after confinement for pregnancy. A decoction is used for a febrifuge bath. An infusion is used for washing the skin as a treatment for rashes, skin eruptions, smallpox, chicken pox and measles. Juice from the macerated leaves is applied to persistent sores and bush-yaws[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
]. The macerated leaves are vigorously rubbed on skin as a treatment for rashes[
348
Title
Medicinal Plants of the Guianas
Publication
 
Author
DeFilipps, R. A.; Maina, S. L.; & Crepin, J.
Website
http://botany.si.edu/bdg/medicinal/index.html
Publisher
Smithsonian Museum
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A down-loadable PDF document of a book in pre-publication awaiting illustration. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant has been used as a ground cover, its rapid rate of growth soon covering the ground[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. This use, however, should only be contemplated within the plant's native range because of its ability to escape from cultivation and invade native habitat[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - germinates best in a sunny position[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
Cuttings
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Mikania+micrantha>

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