Irina integerrima Blume
Meliosma confusa Blume
Meliosma cuspidata Blume
Meliosma nitida Blume
Millingtonia nitida (Blume) Schult.
Millingtonia sumatrana Jack
Meliosma sumatrana is an evergreen tree with an irregular crown; it usually grows 15 - 20 metres tall, occasionally to 25 metres. The often crooked bole is up to 62cm in diameter, sometimes with small buttresses[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It has been recomended for use as a pioneer species in reforestation projects.
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
An understorey tree in dense primary forest and more open, secondary growth in lowland and montane rain forest; by streams and on hilltops and ridges; on various soils, fertile and infertile, in dry to wet localities; at elevations to 2,200 metres[
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The pollen ripens and the anther-cells burst while the flower is still in bud, but the pollen is still unable to escape from the anther-cells as these are locked in the cavities of the staminodes. When the bud is fully mature, it explodes at the slightest touch, the stamens snapping backwards and flinging a puff of pollen into the air. When the flower is open, petals and stamens, having done their duty, very soon drop off; hence in a Meliosma panicle almost only buds and passed flowers are found, but very few intact open flowers[
Fruit - edible[
]. The pulp is eaten[
]. It can be sweet or tasteless[
]. The fruit is a drupe up to 21mm in diameter that becomes yellow with red or red when ripe with a white pulp that quickly turns blood-red on exposure, finally becoming black[
The triturated bark and leaves are applied to wounds in order to clean them and are also used to soothe itchy skin[
]. They are charred and put in water then used as a treatment against tympanites[
The species has been proposed for reforestation purposes[
Sapwood said to be whitish, yellowish, creamy orange, or brownish[
The wood is said to be almost useless, though it is sometimes used for fuel[
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