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Useful Tropical Plants

Meliosma sumatrana

(Jack) Walp.

Sapindaceae

+ Synonyms

Irina integerrima Blume

Meliosma confusa Blume

Meliosma cuspidata Blume

Meliosma nitida Blume

Millingtonia nitida (Blume) Schult.

Millingtonia sumatrana Jack

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Meliosma sumatrana is an evergreen tree with an irregular crown; it usually grows 15 - 20 metres tall, occasionally to 25 metres. The often crooked bole is up to 62cm in diameter, sometimes with small buttresses[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and a medicine. It has been recomended for use as a pioneer species in reforestation projects.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
1255
Title
Revision of Meliosma (Sabiaceae), section Lorenzanea excepted, Living and Fossil, Geography and Phylogeny
Publication
Blumea Vol 19, No. 3, 1971, pp 355-529
Author
C.F. Van Beusekom
Publisher
 
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

An understorey tree in dense primary forest and more open, secondary growth in lowland and montane rain forest; by streams and on hilltops and ridges; on various soils, fertile and infertile, in dry to wet localities; at elevations to 2,200 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height17.50 m
PollinatorsSelf
Self-fertileYes

Cultivation Details



The pollen ripens and the anther-cells burst while the flower is still in bud, but the pollen is still unable to escape from the anther-cells as these are locked in the cavities of the staminodes. When the bud is fully mature, it explodes at the slightest touch, the stamens snapping backwards and flinging a puff of pollen into the air. When the flower is open, petals and stamens, having done their duty, very soon drop off; hence in a Meliosma panicle almost only buds and passed flowers are found, but very few intact open flowers[
1255
Title
Revision of Meliosma (Sabiaceae), section Lorenzanea excepted, Living and Fossil, Geography and Phylogeny
Publication
Blumea Vol 19, No. 3, 1971, pp 355-529
Author
C.F. Van Beusekom
Publisher
 
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - edible[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. The pulp is eaten[
335
Title
Perennial Edible Fruits of the Tropics : an Inventory
Publication
 
Author
Martin, F. W.; Campbell, C. W.; Rubertbe, R. M.
Publisher
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
Year
1987
ISBN
 
Description
A booklet giving terse details of almost 300 species of edible fruits, plus regional lists of Botanical and Common names for over 2,500 less well-known edible fruits of the tropics.
]. It can be sweet or tasteless[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. The fruit is a drupe up to 21mm in diameter that becomes yellow with red or red when ripe with a white pulp that quickly turns blood-red on exposure, finally becoming black[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Medicinal

The triturated bark and leaves are applied to wounds in order to clean them and are also used to soothe itchy skin[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
]. They are charred and put in water then used as a treatment against tympanites[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
1255
Title
Revision of Meliosma (Sabiaceae), section Lorenzanea excepted, Living and Fossil, Geography and Phylogeny
Publication
Blumea Vol 19, No. 3, 1971, pp 355-529
Author
C.F. Van Beusekom
Publisher
 
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The species has been proposed for reforestation purposes[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Other Uses

Sapwood said to be whitish, yellowish, creamy orange, or brownish[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The wood is said to be almost useless, though it is sometimes used for fuel[
1255
Title
Revision of Meliosma (Sabiaceae), section Lorenzanea excepted, Living and Fossil, Geography and Phylogeny
Publication
Blumea Vol 19, No. 3, 1971, pp 355-529
Author
C.F. Van Beusekom
Publisher
 
Year
1971
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Meliosma+sumatrana>

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