Bignonia stipulata (Wall.) Roxb.
Dolichandrone cauda-felina (Hance) Benth. & Hook.f. ex F.B.Forbes & Hemsl.
Dolichandrone stipulata (Wall.) Seem. ex Gamble
Markhamia cauda-felina (Hance) Craib
Markhamia indica P.H.Hô
Markhamia pierrei Dop
Spathodea cauda-felina Hance
Spathodea stipulata Wall.
Spathodea velutina Kurz
Markhamia stipulata is a usually deciduous, but occasionally evergreen tree growing 15 - 25 metres tall. The upright, cylindrical bole can be 60 - 80cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and timber, The young shoots are sold as a vegetable in the local markets of Laos[
Markhamia stipulata has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is grown as a pioneer species in reforestation projects in Thailand[
].The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2018)[
E. Asia - Bangladesh, southern China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand.
Sparse forests and humid places; at elevations from 300 - 1,700 metres in southern China[
]. Growing in evergreen forest on limestone mountains, mixed with Aglaia gigantea, Cinnamomum obtusiflorum, and Dracontomelon dao[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[
Flowers - used as a fresh vegetable[
The tree is planted as a pioneer species in northern Thailand in reforestation projects to restore native woodland - it is planted in degraded woodland and open areas in a mix with various other species that all have the ability to grow fast; produce dense, weed-suppressing crowns; and attract seed-dispersing wildlife, particularly birds and bats[
The heartwood is orange-red and beautifully mottled. The wood is close-grained, hard, heavy and resistant to insects, especially termites. It is used for construction and the manufacture of valuable furniture[
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