Mangifera langong Miq.
Mangifera longipetiolata King
Mangifera maingayi Hook.f.
Mangifera rigida Blume
Mangifera spathulaefolia Blume
Mangifera quadrifida is an evergreen tree with a very dense crown; it can grow up to 51 metres tall, but is more likely to be 20 - 30 metres. The bole is up to 150cm in diameter, usually branching from fairly low down[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fruit and wood. It is sometimes cultivated for its fruits within its native range[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia.
An emergent tree, often in villages or forest gardens as a cultivated tree. In undisturbed lowland forest often found on inundated land or along riversides, at elevations up to 1,000 metres, but usually below 500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating
Fruit - raw. The orange-yellow pulp is rather sweet, with a prune-like smell[
]. The fleshy drupes have an edible but fibrous white flesh[
]. The pale green to dark purple fruits are around 70 mm long, containing a single, large seed[
The wood is a source of 'machang' timber[
]. We do not have a specific description for the wood of this speices, but a general description of machang timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is light brown or light grey brown, occasionally with chocolate or black streaky coreword; it is not clearly differentiated from the wide band of sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain interlocked and wavy. The wood is moderately heavy to heavy; moderately hard; not durable under exposed conditions, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. The wood seasons somewhat rapidly with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools, there is a slight difficulty resawing when green, but is easy when dry; planing is easy but the surface produced is moderately smooth with grain pick-up on the radial side; nailing and screwing is excellent; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for light construction, turnery, flooring, interior panelling, boxes, crates, pallets and plywood manufacture[
]. Corewood can be used for decorative veneer production[
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