Bassia motleyana (de Vriese) C.B.Clarke
Ganua motleyana (de Vriese) Pierre ex Dubard
Ganua scortechinii (King & Gamble) H.J.Lam
Illipe motleyana (de Vriese) Engl.
Isonandra motleyana de Vriese
Payena bankensis Burck
Payena latifolia Burck
Payena longipetiolata Kurz
Payena rubropedicellata Burck
Sideroxylon glabrescens Miq.
Vidoricum motleyanum (de Vriese) Kuntze
Madhuca motleyana is a tree growing up to 35 metres tall.
The seeds are harvested from the wild for their edible oil, which is exported to Europe[
]. The wood is also exploited commercially[
E. Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.
Lowland forest and swamps[
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An edible oil, known as 'katio oil' is obtained from the seeds[
]. Used for making pastries etc[
An inferior gutta-percha is obtained from the tree[
]. It is used as a base for chewing gum[
Gutta-percha is a natural latex obtained from the sap of the tree. Allowing this fluid to evaporate and coagulate in the sun produces a hard and durable latex which can be made flexible again with hot water, but which does not become brittle. Prior to the advent of synthetic materials, gutta-percha had a wide range of uses - most particularly as an insulating material for electricity wiring and for underwater telegraph wires, a purpose for which it is very well suited since it is bio-inert and so is not attacked by marine plants or animals. Gutta-percha can be moulded into any shape and has been used to make items such as ornate furniture, pistol grips, acid-resistant receptacles and ‘mourning’ jewellery, where its dark colour was an advantage. It has been widely used as the core of golf balls and is still used in modern dentistry where its bio-inertness makes it ideal as a temporary filling for teeth and as a filling material inside tooth fillings[
The reddish-brown wood is coarse and easily worked[
]. It is used in house construction and the manufacture of boards[
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