Bassia cagayanensis Merr.
Illipe burckiana Koord.
Illipe schlechteri K.Krause
Isonandra burckiana (Koord.) Baehni
Madhuca fusicarpa (Elmer) Merr.
Manglietia minahassae Koord. & Valeton
Payena fusicarpa Elmer
Madhuca burckiana is a tree growing up to 15 metres tall (up to 35 metres in another report[
]. The bole can be 20cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood, which is traded under the name 'Nyatoh'[
Madhuca burckiana has a wide range and is also found in protected areas. However, its natural habitat is continuously being converted to agriculture and palm oil plantations. Almost 11% of the tree cover within its range was lost in the period from 2000 - 2016. The plant is currently classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019), but needs to be monitored[
Southeast Asia - Philippines, Indonesia (Sulawesi, Maluku and eastwards), New Guinea
Mixed dipterocarp forest on hills; at elevations to 1,000 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
We do not have any more specific information on the wood of this species, but it belongs to a group of timbers collectively called 'Nyatoh'[
]. The general description of nyatoh wood is as follows:-
The heartwood is a dark pink to a red-brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 4 - 9cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked, sometimes wavy. The wood is light in weight, soft to moderately hard; strong, somewhat durable, being resistant to dry wood borers, moderately resistant to fungi but susceptible to termites. It seasons somewhat slowly, with a high risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is stable in service. There is a very variable content of silica according to the species, but in general the wood has a high blunting effect so stellite-tipped and tungsten-carbide tools are recommended; nailing and screwing are good, but require pre-boring; gluing is correct. The wood has a range of applications, including for high class furniture and cabinet making, solid doors, panelling, joinery, parquet flooring, boat decking, light carpentry, turnery, moulding and veneer[
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