Dicoma sessiliflora Harv.
Macledium sessiliflorum is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant growing from a woody rootstock; it usually produces a single unbranched stem and can grow from 30 - 130cm tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. It has potential for use as a pesticide.
Tropical Africa - scattered in Guinea, togo, Benin, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Tanzania, southern DR Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, southern Namibia
Wooded savannah in rocky and stony places[
]. Miombo and mixed deciduous woodland, and wooded grasslands[
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The whole plant is strongly bitter and has analgesic properties[
]. It is used as a febrifuge, particularly for treating children[
A decoction of the roots is taken as a cough-medicine and for the treatment of stomach complaints and pains. A decoction is taken by draught to maturate hard abscesses[
]. In some areas the root is considered to be aphrodisiac[
Plant ash is rubbed into scarifications on the forehead and temples as a treatment for headache, and similarly root-ash is rubbed onto the sides and ribs in order to relieve stiffness due to unwonted effort[
Ash is rubbed into scarifications on the chest, and a root-decoction is drunk, as a treatment for pneumonia[
The leaf-sap and root-decoction are used in the treatment of dysentery[
Petroleum extracts of the plant have been shown to be effective in restricting the infestation of wheat grain and shelled maize by insect pests[
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