Macaranga calophylla Pax
Macaranga lecomtei Beille
Macaranga rosea Pax
Macaranga schweinfurthii varies considerably in habit. Sometimes a shrub with many erect stems and branches, it can become a spreading tree 10 - 12 metres tall, or a large tree up to 40 metres tall with a flat crown and a straight bole that can be unbranched for 12 metres. The trunk and branches are armed with spiny outgrowths up to 6cm long[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood. It is used to provide shade for amenity[
Macaranga schweinfurthii has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
Tropical Africa - Guinea, through Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda to Kenya, south to Angola, Zambia, Tanzania.
Groundwater and swamp forests (mushitu); by lakes and swamps; gallery forest with Maesopsis and Erythrophleum species; at elevations from 900 - 1,280 metres, occasionally lower[
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A fast-growing tree[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required.
The plant is reported to contain flavones, saponins and tannins[
The young stems are reported to yield a copious white sticky mucilage in Kenya and Malawi, whilst it is described as a pink jelly from the pith and a colourless slime from the bark in E. Cameroon and as a dark red resin in Nigeria[
The wood is used for timber, boxes crates, stools and beehives[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
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