Macaranga quinquelobata Beille
Mappa heterophylla Müll.Arg.
Tanarius heterophyllus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Macaranga heterophylla is a shrub or a tree that can grow up to 10 metres tall. The twigs and stems are covered with stout, woody spines[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It has potential for use as a pioneer when restoring native woodland.
Macaranga heterophylla has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2018)[
West tropical Africa - Senegal to Benin.
A pioneer species found mainly in the more open secondary forest growth in wet localities and riverine forest[
]. Swampy places; humid secondary formations; mountain ridges or slopes; secondary regrowths; beside rivers; to 1,200 metres[
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A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
The ash from the burnt stem and branches is used as vegetable salt[
Various parts of the plant are used as a purgative[
The plant (part not specified) is used to treat snakebites[
The root is abortifacient and emmenagogue[
]. A root decoction is taken to treat amenorrhoea, it is said to have a very rapid effect[
A bark decoction is taken and used in a bath to treat cough[
A decoction of young leaves is taken to treat gonorrhoea[
A natural pioneer species found in the wild in forest gaps[
], it has potential for use in reforestation projects for restoring native woodland, and possible also for establishing woodland gardens within its native range[
The tree exudes a yellow translucent gum when cut[
]. No uses are mentioned.
The wood is light in weight and soft[
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