If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Lysiloma divaricatum

(Jacq.) J.F.Macbr.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Acacia divaricata (Jacq.) Willd.

Lysiloma austral Britton & Rose

Lysiloma calderonii Britton & Rose

Lysiloma chiapense Britton & Rose

Lysiloma kellermanii Britton & Rose

Lysiloma microphyllum Benth.

Lysiloma ortegae Britton & Rose

Lysiloma salvadorense Britton & Rose

Lysiloma schiedeanum Benth.

Lysiloma seemannii Britton & Rose

Lysiloma thornberi Britton & Rose

Mimosa divaricata Jacq.

Common Name:

Lysiloma divaricatum
Tree
Photograph by: Cirilo Nelson
Creative Commons License
Lysiloma divaricatum Lysiloma divaricatum Lysiloma divaricatum Lysiloma divaricatum Lysiloma divaricatum

General Information

Lysiloma divaricatum is a deciduous tree with heavy branching and an open, spreading crown; it can grow 8 - 15 metres tall[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood (which is an excellent fuel), and for its tannin-rich bark. It used to be harvested on a commercial basis as a source of wood for railway ties[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. It is often cultivated in agroforestry systems in Mesoamerica[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.

Range

Central America - northern Costa Rica to western Mexico and southern Arizona.

Habitat

Wooded, rocky, stream banks or on dry brushy hillsides; at elevations from 300 - 1,700 metres in Guatemala[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
]. Dry, deciduous and mixed pine forests and occasionally in forest scrub with Cactaceae; at elevations from 40 - 1,750 metres[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height10.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details


Succeeds on a range of soil types[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. It is found in the wild on volcanic soils and sandy clays[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].
The flowers are sweetly scented[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

Lysiloma divaricatum is widely planted in Agroforestry systems in central America where it is valued as a source of wood, organic matter (the leaves are used as green manure) and its ability to enrich the soil with nitrogen[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].

Other Uses

The bark is a source of tannins[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

The sapwood is pink to blood red[
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
]. The wood is used for railway ties, lumber and posts[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
,
1523
Title
Lysiloma (Leguminosae: Mimosoideae) in Mesoamerica
Publication
Kew Bulletin 59. 453-467 (2004)
Author
Gale S.W. & Pennington T.D.
Publisher
 
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent review of the Mesoamerican species of Lysiloma with complete botanical descriptions, range, habitats and uses.
].
The wood is an excellent fuel
We have no further specific information for the wood of this species, but the following is a general description of wood from trees in this genus:-
The heartwood is a lustrous brown with a coppery or purplish tinge, sometimes faintly striped; it is sharply demarcated from the thin white sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight to roey; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is highly durable; it is considered easy to work; finishes smoothly; and takes a high natural polish[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
]. It is used in general construction, for furniture, wheel wright work, parquet, interior trim, bobbins and shuttles, veneer, and knife handles[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-22. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Lysiloma+divaricatum>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.