There has been some confusion between Livistona speciosa Kurz and Livistona jenkinsiana Griff., with some treatments, such as the Flora of China[
] treating Livistona speciosa as a synonym of Livistona jenkinsiana. We are using the treatment of Dowe, J.L. (2009)[
] and Liu, H.S. (2011)[
], where Livistona speciosa is a distinct species native from Bangladesh to southern China and south to Malaysia and Vietnam - this species was wrongly described as Livistona jenkinsiana in the Flora of China[
]. Livistona jenkinsiana is not native to China, but is found in Bangladesh, northeast India, Myanmar and Thailand.
Livistona fengkaiensis X.W.Wei & M.Y.Xiao
Saribus speciosus (Kurz) Kuntze
Livistona speciosa is a solitary-stemmed, evergreen palm tree with an unbranched stem growing up to 25 metres tall and 20 - 30cm in diameter. The stem is topped by a dense, globose crown of 40 - 50 fan-shaped leaves with petioles 140 - 160cm long and leaf blades 150 - 200cm wide[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
E. Asia - Bangladesh, southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia
Moist evergreen forest, at elevations from 200 - 3,000 metres[
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Livistona speciosa is a plant of high rainfall areas in tropical and subtropical regions of eastern Asia[
The seeds are eaten as a substitute for betel nut (Areca catechu)[
The fruits are used medicinally in Hainan[
The leaves are commonly used for thatching[
The leaves are woven into hats etc[
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