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Useful Tropical Plants

Livistona carinensis

(Chiov.) J.Dransf. & N.W.Uhl

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Hyphaene carinensis Chiov.

Wissmannia carinensis (Chiov.) Burret

Common Name: Bankoualé Palm

No Image.

General Information

Livistona carinensis is a solitary-stemmed, evergreen palm tree with a straight, unbranched stem up to 40 metres tall and up to 40cm in diameter. The stem is topped by a dense, globose crown of 30 - 40 fan-shaped leaves with petioles up to 125cm long and leaf blades 80 - 95cm wide[
1970
Title
A Taxonomic Account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae)
Publication
A Taxonomic Account of Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 60(2): 185-344. 2009
Author
Dowe J.L.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, detailed work, though it is a shame it does not include information on traditional and other uses.
].
The plant has been harvested in quantitiy in the past for local use mainly of its wood and leaves. Where stands remain it is still commonly harvested and so action needs to be taken to ensure that any future harvesting can be sustainable.
Livistona carinensis is feared to have been extirpated in Somalia due to unsustainable harvesting for timber and the loss of habitats due to expansion of date palm plantations. Excluding Somalia, the species is estimated to occur in no more than 3 - 5 threat-defined locations. Over the last 60 years (three generations), it is inferred that the global population of mature individuals has declined by at least 50%. The species does not occur in any effectively protected area and conservation actions are urgently needed. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2018)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.
,
1970
Title
A Taxonomic Account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae)
Publication
A Taxonomic Account of Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 60(2): 185-344. 2009
Author
Dowe J.L.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, detailed work, though it is a shame it does not include information on traditional and other uses.

Range

Northeast Africa to Arabia - Djibouti, northern Somalia and southern Yemen

Habitat

In or adjacent to intermittently flowing streams or soaks in valley bottoms, but never in fully dry soils; at elevations from 200 - 975 metres[
1970
Title
A Taxonomic Account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae)
Publication
A Taxonomic Account of Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 60(2): 185-344. 2009
Author
Dowe J.L.
Publisher
 
Year
2009
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, detailed work, though it is a shame it does not include information on traditional and other uses.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Livistona carinensis is native to semi-arid regions of the tropics with rainfall less than 400mm per annum, though it is always found in areas where there can be access to undersurface moisture[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Edible Uses

The palm is reported to be a source of palm wine, the sap is stored and transformed into alcohol or vinegar[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The leaves are used for thatching[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The leaves of young plants are used in basketry and for making mats[
500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.
].

The trunk is commonly used for house building, drainage pipes etc[
500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.
]. A high quality, termite-resistant timber[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
The wood makes a good fuelwood[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Propagation

Seed - fresh seeds germinate rapidly if there is moisture available[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2022-11-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Livistona+carinensis>

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