Cocculus macranthus Hook.f.
Jateorhiza strigosa Miers
Jateorhiza macrantha is a deciduous, climbing shrub producing strongly hairy stems up to 9 metres long from a tuberous rootstock[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine. It is sometimes retained for medicinal purposes when the forest is cleared for cocoa plantations[
Tropical Africa - Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, DR Congo, northern Angola.
Dense and humid lowland, evergreen and semi-deciduous forests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Semi-cultivated, Wild
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
Fruit - raw. A sweet flavour[
]. The yellowish ochre to orange-red fruit is composed of up to 3 ovoid drupelets 2 - 3cm long and around 2cm wide, each containing a slimy, creamy-white pulp surrounding a single, large, hard seed.The fruit is covered with stiff, long, brown hairs[
The succulent roots are eaten in times of famine[
The leaf sap, mixed with other medicines, is applied to stop bleeding during pregnancy[
]. The leaf sap is dropped into the ears, nose or eyes as a treatment against headache[
The bark, combined with that of Kigelia africana, is used as a treatment against snakebites[
Hairs from the stem are applied as a dressing on ulcers[
The roots contain the diterpenes columbin, chasmanthin and palmarin, and the alkaloids columbamine, jatrorrhizine and palmatine[
The leaves are tied to the cut end of the raffia palm in order to increase the flow of sap for palm wine[
Girls tie the twining stem around their limbs when dancing[
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