Iryanthera densiflora Huber
Iryanthera grandiflora Huber
Iryanthera trigona Markgr.
Iryanthera juruensis is a tree with a conical crown; it can grow up to 20 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 18 - 30cm in diameter, and clear of branches for about half the entire height[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama
Dense forest that is free from seasonal flood; at elevations of 120 - 250 metres[
]. Common in swamp forest on pegasse, occasional in mixed forest[
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The red sap is rubbed on mouth and skin sores, cuts, and the fungus-infected mouths of babies with thrush. The sap is diluted in water and given orally to treat thrush or used to gargle against tonsillitis[
Thw stem exudate (resin) is used in the treatment of mouth sores, thrush, wounds and cuts[
Bark dark brown, smooth, and yields a small amount of thin, translucent resin when cut[
The heartwood is a dark reddish brown; it is often not very clearly demarcated from the wide band of pale, pinkish-brown sapwood. The texture is fine to medium; the grain mostly straight; lustre is medium to fairly high; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is heavy, hard, and tough. It can be air-dried with little or only moderate difficulty; slight to moderate checking and warp may develop. All of the species in this genus have very good machining properties and produce smooth surfaces on the normally straight-grained material. The wood is easily peeled for veneer. It is used for purposes such as millwork, turnery, furniture, boxes and crates, veneer and plywood, general construction, fiberboard, and particleboard[
]. Traditionally, it is used for canoes, and music instruments (violins, banjos, and quattros), played in traditional Arawak Banshikili music[
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