Indigofera arborea Roxb.
Indigofera byansghatensis S.N.Biswas
Indigofera elliptica Roxb.
Indigofera gibsonii Graham
Indigofera leptostachya DC.
Indigofera pulchella Roxb.
Indigofera violacea Roxb.
Indigofera cassioides is a deciduous shrub with erect branches; it can grow up to 3 metres tall, but is often smaller[
]. The plant produces suckers from its rootstock.
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and fuel.
E. Asia - southern China (Guangxi, Yunnan), Pakistan, throughout India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam
Sal forests and hills to 2,700 metres[
]. Slopes, grasslands, sparse woods and scrub at elevations of 300 - 2,000 metres in W Guangxi and Yunnan[
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Requires a light or medium well-drained soil and a sunny position[
]. Succeeds on chalk[
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The flowers are occasionally eaten as a vegetable[
A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of coughs[
The root is dried, ground into a powder and applied externally in the treatment of pains in the chest[
The branches are used for fences and fuel[
The heartwood is black with a white sapwood. The wood is generally hard. Although of small dimensions, the wood is occasionally used in India[
Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and sow in containers in light shade. The germination can be variable. Prick out the seedlings when large enough to handle and plant out when large enough[
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm with a heel if possible, in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage[
Root cuttings 3cm long taken when the plant is dormant. Good percentage[
Suckers. Remove them in the dormant season, preferably towards the end of it, and plant out into their permanent positions.
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