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Useful Tropical Plants

Hopea sangal

Korth.

Dipterocarpaceae

+ Synonyms

Dryobalanops sericea Korth.

Hopea curtisii King

Hopea fagifolia Miq.

Hopea globosa Brandis

Hopea lowii Dyer ex Brandis

Hopea sericea Blume

Petalandra micrantha Hassk.

Common Name: Cengal

Hopea sangal
Young tree
Photograph by: micamonkey
Creative Commons License

General Information

Cengal is a tree that can grow 40 - 50 metres tall. The bole can be 40 - 180cm in diameter, with prominently buttressed roots[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of the resin and the useful wood. The wood is a source of 'merawan' timber and is commonly traded.
The tree is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2010)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

Southeast Asia - Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

Lowland forest at elevations up to 500 metres[
334
Title
Flora of Peninsula Malaysia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tfbc.frim.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
In the process of being assembled (15/07/09), it is currently a series of check sheets giving species name, brief description, habitat and high quality photos of the plants.
]. Locally common on clay rich soils on river banks; scattered on fertile clay hillsides, at elevations up to 500 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A resin is obtained from the tree[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
701
Title
Asean Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://211.114.21.20/tropicalplant/index.jsp
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details, with photos, of many of the plants growing in the tropical forests of southeast Asia. Gives some details of plant uses along with a description of the plant and its range.
].

The wood is durable[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. A heavy grade of 'merawan' timber, it is used for heavy construction[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
701
Title
Asean Tropical Plant Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://211.114.21.20/tropicalplant/index.jsp
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details, with photos, of many of the plants growing in the tropical forests of southeast Asia. Gives some details of plant uses along with a description of the plant and its range.
]. No more information is given.

Although we have no more specific information about the wood of this species, the following description is for the timber group to which this species belongs:-
The heartwood is yellow-brown to chocolate reddish-brown, with an occasional dark striping; it is not clearly demarcated from the 5 - 7cm wide band of light yellow-brown sapwood. The texture is fine to medium; the grain straight or interlocked; lustre is rather low; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately hard; moderately durable, being resistant to dry wood borers, moderately resistant to fungi but susceptible to termites. It seasons slowly, with a high risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It can be worked with ordinary tools; it is moderately easy to resaw and cross-cut; planing is fairly easy and the surface produced is smooth; the wood tends to split when nailing or screwing and nail holding is poor; gluing is correct; there is some resistance to acids. The wood has a wide range of applications, for purposes such as light construction, door and window frames, carpentry, flooring, joinery, turnery and veneer[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
,
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
,
889
Title
Timber Notes-MediumHardwoods III (Mata Ulat, Mempening, Mengkulang, Meransi, Merawan)
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 20
Author
Choo K.T.; Lim S.C.; Gan K.S.
Website
http://www.frim.gov.my/?page_id=1842
Publisher
Forest Research Institute; Malaysia
Year
2001
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of publications, this one giving basic information on the properties of five types of hardwood timbers from southeast Asia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Hopea+sangal>

Comments

arpad trianantaputra 16th May 2015 14:04
Hi. I succeded to grow 2 trees. Glad to share photo if required. Tx
arpad trianantaputra 16th May 2015 14:04
Hi. I succeded to grow 2 trees. Glad to share photo if required. Tx

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