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Useful Tropical Plants

Heritiera actinophylla

(F.M.Bailey) Kosterm.

Malvaceae


The genus Argyrodendron is generally treated as a synonym of Heritiera. However, Wilkie P. et al; Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF; Systematic Botany, (2006), 31(1): pp. 160-170 has found Argyrodendrom to be distinct. Until this research is more widely accepted, we will be maintaining this species under Heritiera[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Argyrodendron actinophyllum (C.Moore) Edlin

Tarrietia actinophylla F.M.Bailey

Common Name:

Heritiera actinophylla
Flowering branch
Photograph by: Sankowsky G.; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla Heritiera actinophylla

General Information

Heritiera actinophylla is an evergreen tree with a large, dark crown; it can grow up to 50 metres tall. The bole is usually prominently buttressed[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].
An ornamental timber, it is harvested from the wild for local use and trade.
The tree was an important timber tree, but over-exploitation has greatly reduced the supplies of larger trees[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1029
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae).
Publication
Reinwardtia Vol. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.
Publisher
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Somewhat dated, but an excellent monograph of the genus Heritiera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Australia - New South Wales, southern Queensland.

Habitat

Well-developed upland rain forest at elevations from 500 - 700 metres[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height35.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the subtropics, just entering the tropics in Queensland; it is found at elevations up to 900 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 18 - 28°c, but can tolerate 8 - 36°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. When dormant, the plant can survive temperatures down to about -5°c, but young growth can be severely damaged at 0°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,100 - 1,400mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 1,500mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].Found wild from the warm temperate zone, through the subtropics and entering the tropics in eastern Australia. It can withstand moderate frosts[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].
Succeeds in full sun and in light shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a light soil, but can succeed in most well-drained soils of moderate fertility[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, tolerating 4.5 - 7[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is light brown, mottled on the quarter by darker coloured rays. The grain is straight or slightly interlocked; the texture medium to coarse; there is a pleasing figure on back-sawn surface due to bands of soft tissue. The wood is moderately heavy in weight; very tough; fairly fissile radially; elastic. It is suitable for chairs, axe and other tool handles, carriage work etc[
601
Title
The Useful Native Plants of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Maiden J.H.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Turner & Co.; London.
Year
1889
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of the uses of many Australian plants and other species naturalised, or at least growing, in Australia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1029
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae).
Publication
Reinwardtia Vol. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.
Publisher
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Somewhat dated, but an excellent monograph of the genus Heritiera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. This and other timbers of the genus are being used increasingly in panelling, flooring, interior fitting, plywood, cabinet work, etc[
1029
Title
A Monograph of the Genus Heritiera, Aiton, (Sterculariaceae).
Publication
Reinwardtia Vol. 4, Part 4, pp 465 - 583
Author
Kostermans A.J.G.H.
Publisher
Herbarium Bogoriense, Indonesia.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Somewhat dated, but an excellent monograph of the genus Heritiera. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - sown fresh, it usually germinates within a few days[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Heritiera+actinophylla>

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