Cuviera asiatica Spreng.
Guttenbergia umbellata (L.) Zoll. & Moritzi
Morinda boninensis Ohwi
Morinda padavara Juss.
Morinda scandens Roxb.
Morinda scortechinii (King & Gamble) Ridl.
Morinda tetrandra Jack
Morinda umbellata L.
Stigmanthus cymosus Lour.
Gynochthodes umbellata is an evergreen climbing shrub with stems up to 20 metres long and 14cm in diameter. The plant can climb high into the surrounding vegetation[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.
E. Asia - China, Japan, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines to New Guinea, Australia and the western Pacific.
Forests and thickets at elevations from sea level to 1,500 metres[
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Fruit - raw when fully ripe, or cooked[
]. The immature fruit is cooked in curries whilst still green[
]. The fresh fruits emit an odour much like that of a strong cheese such as gorgonzola[
]. The fruit is actually an infructescence of several small fruits - orange in colour, the infructescence is about 8 - 10mm in diameter[
The roots are strongly purgative[
]. The boiled roots are used as a treatment for dropsy[
The leaves, combined with certain aromatic plants, is used in decoction as a treatment for diarrhea and dysentery[
A decoction of the leaves and roots is used as a vermifuge for children[
The root-bark contains the glucoside morindine[
A dye can be obtained from the bark of the roots and stem; it is used for colouring cotton cloth yellow, red or brown[
The root-bark contains the coloring matter, morindone[
The stems are used as rough ropes in Sri Lanka[
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