Matthiola angelica (Mart. ex Müll.Arg.) Kuntze
Guettarda angelica is an evergreen shrub when growing in exposed positions, becoming a tree in more sheltered sites.
The roots are a popular herbal medicine in Brazil, where they are often gathered from the wild. When large enough, the wood is harvested from the wild for local use.
S. America - northern and eastern Brazil.
Forests in arid areas.
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A plant of the 'Caatinga' dry forest region of northeast Brazil. The climate is hot and dry, there are usually 6 to 11 months without rain each year. The mean annual rainfall varies from 250 - 1,000mm, and the mean annual temperature is from 24 - 26°c.
The root is astringent and vulnerary[
]. An infusion, or a decoction, is used in the treatment of menstrual spasms, constipation and fevers[
]. The root is also used in veterinary medicine to treat diarrhoea[
The wood, the bark and the root bark are abortifacient, aromatic, febrifuge, stomachic and tonic. They are recommended for use in the treatment of puerperal fever and delayed menstruation[
Triterpenoids have been isolated from the plant[
The wood is fairly resistant to insect attach[
]. It is used in general and naval constructions, cabinet making, turnery etc[
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