Botanical specimens of the leaves
Photograph by: S. Tello
Guarea gomma is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. The wood is probably traded and the tree is probably planted to provide shade in coffee plantations.
The roots are said to be toxic[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana, Surinam.
Upland and montane rain forests[
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The bark is boiled and the water drunk as a treatment for colds and for coughing[
]. A decoction of the trunk bark is used as a vomititve for treating liver problems[
The root bark contains a bitter element that is used in small quantities as an emetic and in larger doses as an abortifacient[
The leaves are considered to be very astringent and are employed in the form of a tea to arrest diarrhoea[
We do not have any specific information for this plant, but many species in this genus are commonly planted in coffee plantations in order to provide shade[
We do not have specific information for the wood of this species, but the following is a general description for the wood of this genus:-
The heartwood is pinkish to deep reddish-brown; it is distinct, but not sharply demarcated from the sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain rather straight; luster is rather low; green wood is aromatic but odour and taste are very mild or not distinctive in dry specimens. The heartwood has good resistance to dry-wood termites and is durable in the ground. The wood air dries slowly, but with only a moderate amount of warping and no checking. It saws and machines easily and well in all operations except boring, where there is a tendency to tear and crumble. It is used for making furniture, cabinet work, turnery, interior trim, joinery, ship construction (planking and trim), general carpentry, and decorative and utility veneer and plywood[
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