Grewia arbutifolia Pers.
Grewia aspera Roxb.
Grewia macrophylla G.Don
Sterculia tiliacea H.Lév.
Grewia abutilifolia is a deciduous shrub or a tree growing from 1 - 5 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre.
Grewia abutifolia has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
E. Asia - China, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia.
Scrub, slopes on grassland in China[
]. Open, dry, mixed deciduous forest at elevations from 100 - 1,000 metres in Thailand[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
Grewia species are valued in many cultures for their medicinal virtues. The main medicinal action appears to come from the mucilage that is found in the leaves, stems and roots, which has been shown to have soothing and healing properties. Taken internally it is often used as a remedy for diarrhoea and dysentery, for example, whilst externally it is applied to wounds, cuts, ulcers, irritations etc. The plant can be taken as a simple infusion or decoction, or it can be applied topically as a poultice of the plant, or the mucilage can be extracted from the plant, if required, by maceration and then decoction.
The roots ingredient with water use to relieve the favour[
]. Not at all sure what this means - possibly a drink is made to relieve thirst or some medical condition[
The roots are used as a treatment for abscesses[
A good fibre, used for making rope, is obtained from the bark[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
]. Stored seed has a hard seedcoat and may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!), allowing the mix to cool somewhat and then leaving it in a warm place to soak for 12 - 24 hours. Sow the seeds in situ or in a nursery seedbed or trays - do not allow the compost to become dry. Germination and early growth are usually quite quick.
Cuttings - best taken with a heel.
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