Gigantochloa maxima ridleyi (Holttum) Samsuddin
Gigantochloa ridleyi is an evergreen, perennial, densely clump-forming bamboo growing up to 18 metres tall. The erect, woody culms can be 100mm in diameter with internodes 30 - 47cm long[
The plant is harvested for its stems, which are used in construction. The plant is often grown as an ornamental.
Southeast Asia - found only in cultivation, mainly in Malaysia and Indonesia (Bali).
Not known in a truly wild location
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Bamboos have an interesting method of growth. Each plant produces a number of new stems annually - these stems grow to their maximum height in their first year of growth, subsequent growth in the stem being limited to the production of new side branches and leaves. In the case of some mature tropical species the new stem could be as much as 30 metres tall, with daily increases in height of 30cm or more during their peak growth time. This makes them some of the fastest-growing species in the world[
Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. Bamboos in general are usually monocarpic, living for many years before flowering, then flowering and seeding profusely for a period of 1 - 3 years before usually dying. This pattern can vary - sometimes flowering is sporadic, with plants flowering annually and not dying; at other times it is gregarious with all the plants in a specific species coming into flower at the same time. We have no specific details on the habit of this species.
The young shoots of this bamboo are astringent, not good to eat[
The culms are strong and large[
]. They are used in roofing[
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