Garcinia travancorica is a large tree.
The tree is a source of 'gamboge', a gum-resin with a wide range of uses that is commonly harvested from several species in this genus and traded internationally.
The habitat of this species has come under increasing threat. Large areas have been exposed to fires, grazing, the establishment of commercial plantations and cutting for fuel wood. As a result, wild populations of the plant have declined and so it has been designated as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(1998)[
E. Asia - southern India in Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
Margins of submontane evergreen forest[
]. Forests at elevations of 900 - 1,500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
Gamboge, a gum-resin obtained from the plant, is used as an ointment[
Gamboge has been employed in western medicine as a hydragogue-cathartic, but is little used now[
Gamboge, a gum-resin obtained from the plant, is used as a yellow dye, as an illuminant and in varnishes, water colours etc[
Gamboge is a gum-resin which is obtained from the bark, branches and fruits of several species in the genus Garcinia. It contains around 70 - 80% resin with 15 - 25% gum and is used primarily as a pigment, being used to dye cloth (the yellow silken robes of Buddhist monks are often dyed with it), as well as supplying a golden-yellow colouring to varnishes, lacquers, paints, ink, water colours etc[
The wood is yellowish-brown with a pale yellow sapwood. It is hard, heavy and close grained[
Seed - we have no specific information on this species, but the seed of most members of the genus can be slow to germinate, even if sown fresh, often taking 6 months or more[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.