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Useful Tropical Plants

Garcinia spicata

(Wight & Arn.) Hook.f.

Clusiaceae

+ Synonyms

Xanthochymus spicatus Wight & Arn.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Garcinia spicata is a handsome, evergreen tree that can grow from 2 - 25 metres tall. The bole is straight[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020

Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka

Habitat

Evergreen and semievergreen forests at lower elevations[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height18.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms usually need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
1149
Title
Contribution to the taxonomy of Garcinia (Clusiaceae) in Africa, including two new species from Gabon and a key to t
Publication
PhytoKeys 17: 41-62 (2012)
Author
Marc S.M. Sosef, Gilles Dauby
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. At least some dioecious Garcinia species, however, are able to produce fertile seed even in the absence of fertilization (asexual reproduction). Such seeds would be expected to be genetically identical to the parent[
1798
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 373 (1): 001-052
Author
Nazre M., Newman M.F., Pennington R.T. & Middleton D.J.
Website
https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.373.1.1
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

Fruit[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. A sweet, acidi flavour wirh a bitter after taste[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. a berry, broadly oblong, yellowish, smooth, with bad odour, pulp , 3-4 cm across,; seeds 1-3, up to 2.5 cm long, oblong, latterly flattened
Fruit fleshy berry, globose, 3-4 x 2.5-3.5 cm across, yellow, smooth with sweet pulp and bad odour, encased by persistent sepals and crowned by 2-3 mm long stigma. Seeds 1-3, oblong ovoid, about 2.5 cm long, compressed laterally, covered with juicy pulp.

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].

Other Uses

A milky, white to yellowish-green, sticky latex exudes from the bark, branches and fruit[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].

The unripe fruit yields a chrome-yellow pigment[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].

The pale yellow to cream-white wood is hard. A good timber[
1809
Title
Garcinia spicata
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia spicata (Wight & Arn.) Hook. f.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/263059
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-09. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Garcinia+spicata>

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