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Useful Tropical Plants

Garcinia sessilis

(G.Forst.) Seem.

Clusiaceae

+ Synonyms

Clusia sessilis G.Forst.

Firkea sessilis (G. Forst.) Raf.

Common Name:

Garcinia sessilis
Young growth
Photograph by: Tau?olunga
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0


Garcinia sessilis Garcinia sessilis

General Information

Garcinia sessilis is an evergreen tree growing from 4 - 20 metres tall. The bole can be up to 30cm in diameter[
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its edible fruit, as a medicine and as a source of materials. It is sometimes cultivated for its fruit in the Samoan islands[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
] and is also grown as an ornamental, being regarded as a sacred and royal tree in Tonga[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Garcinia sessilia is not considered to be under immediate threat, and is also extensively cultivated on some Pacific Islands. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Pacific - Solomon Islands, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga.

Habitat

Found in both wet and dry forests[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
]. Dense or dry forest, open thickets, and on the inland edges of mangrove swamps; at elevations from sea level to 1,150 metres[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The plant can flower and produce fruit throughout the year[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms usually need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. At least some dioecious Garcinia species, however, are able to produce fertile seed even in the absence of fertilization (asexual reproduction). Such seeds would be expected to be genetically identical to the parent[
1798
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 373 (1): 001-052
Author
Nazre M., Newman M.F., Pennington R.T. & Middleton D.J.
Website
https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.373.1.1
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
]. The red, obovoid fruit is up to 4cm long[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are crushed in water which is then used as an eyewash for eye problems[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The bark is used medicinally[
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Other Uses

An abundant yellowish latex is obtained from the tree[
311
Title
Medicinal Plants in the South Pacific
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
WHO Regional Publications, Manilla.
Year
1998
ISBN
92-9061-118-9
Description
Excellent guide to 102 medicinal herbs of the Pacific Islands, with photographs of each plant and details of their constituents, biological activities and traditional uses. A description of each plant, together with habitat and distribution is given.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. No uses are recorded for it.

The faintly fragrant flowers are commonly used to scent coconut oil, and also to make necklaces[
490
Title
Flora Vitiensis Nova
Publication
 
Author
Smith. A.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden; Hawaii
Year
1979
ISBN
 
Description
A comprehensive flora of Fiji, often showing plant uses. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The wood is used in the construction of traditional houses and for carving[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
689
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum Vol. 55
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University.
Year
1974
ISBN
 
Description
Various articles on plants, including a revision of the genus Acronychia. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]

Propagation

Seed - we have no specific information on this species, but the seed of most members of the genus can be slow to germinate, even if sown fresh, often taking 6 months or more[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-04. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Garcinia+sessilis>

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