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Useful Tropical Plants

Garcinia rubroechinata

Kosterm.

Clusiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Garcinia rubroechinata is an evergreen tree with a cylindrical bole and stilt roots; it can grow around 12 - 20 metres tall[
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood and oil.
Garcinia rubroechinata has a small range in southwest India, large areas of which have been exposed to fires, grazing, the establishment of commercial plantations and cutting for fuelwood. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(1998)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020

Range

E. Asia - southwest India (Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Habitat

A subcanopy tree growing in moist evergreen forests; generally at elevations from 800 - 1,200 metres, sometimes extending up to 1,800 metres[
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details




A dioecious species, both male and female forms usually need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. At least some dioecious Garcinia species, however, are able to produce fertile seed even in the absence of fertilization (asexual reproduction). Such seeds would be expected to be genetically identical to the parent[
1798
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 373 (1): 001-052
Author
Nazre M., Newman M.F., Pennington R.T. & Middleton D.J.
Website
https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.373.1.1
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

The fruit is a subglobose or ellipsoid, green to yellow green berry, 30 - 60mm x 25 - 50mm, covered with pyramidal spines or broad tubercles. The endocarp is soft, with a sweet white pulp containing 1 - 3 large, oblong seeds[
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. This report does not say the fruit is edible[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The plant is used medicinally[
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. No more details are given.

Other Uses

An oil obtained from the seeds is used for burning[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Used as an illuminant[
371
Title
Oil Yielding Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mnes.nic.in/list/oil-plants.pdf
Publisher
Botanical Survey of India.
Year
2004
ISBN
 
Description
A PDF downloaded from the Internet. Very terse details about the applications of oil obtained from over 300 species of plants.
].

The dark red wood is hard and heavy[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
1806
Title
Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page :Garcinia rubro-echinata Kosterm.
Author
 
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/species/show/12308
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 28/04/2020
]. The closely related Garcinia echinocarpa is used for shingles in Sri Lanka[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-02. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Garcinia+rubroechinata>

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