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Useful Tropical Plants

Garcinia quadrifaria

(Oliv.) Pierre

Clusiaceae


The uses mentioned below (from [
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]), were originally attributed to Garcinia gnetoides Hutch. & Dalziel. We are following the treatment in [
1149
Title
Contribution to the taxonomy of Garcinia (Clusiaceae) in Africa, including two new species from Gabon and a key to t
Publication
PhytoKeys 17: 41-62 (2012)
Author
Marc S.M. Sosef, Gilles Dauby
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
], which reduces Garcinia gnetoides to synonymy of Garcinia quadrifaria[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Garcinia chromocarpa Engl.

Garcinia echirensis Pellegr.

Garcinia gnetoides Hutch. & Dalziel

Garcinia granulata Hutch. & Dalziel

Garcinia parva Spirlet

Xanthochymus quadrifarius A.Chev.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Garcinia quadrifaria is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 17 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 25cm in doameter[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1149
Title
Contribution to the taxonomy of Garcinia (Clusiaceae) in Africa, including two new species from Gabon and a key to t
Publication
PhytoKeys 17: 41-62 (2012)
Author
Marc S.M. Sosef, Gilles Dauby
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Western and central tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Nigeria and eastern DR Congo, south to northern Angola

Habitat

Rain forests[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms usually need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
1149
Title
Contribution to the taxonomy of Garcinia (Clusiaceae) in Africa, including two new species from Gabon and a key to t
Publication
PhytoKeys 17: 41-62 (2012)
Author
Marc S.M. Sosef, Gilles Dauby
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. At least some dioecious Garcinia species, however, are able to produce fertile seed even in the absence of fertilization (asexual reproduction). Such seeds would be expected to be genetically identical to the parent[
1798
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 373 (1): 001-052
Author
Nazre M., Newman M.F., Pennington R.T. & Middleton D.J.
Website
https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.373.1.1
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves is used as a purgative[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Other Uses

The bark yields a little yellow resin[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-02. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Garcinia+quadrifaria>

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