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Useful Tropical Plants

Garcinia pictoria

Buch.-Ham.

Clusiaceae

+ Synonyms

Hebradendron pictorium (Buch.-Ham.) Royle

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Garcinia pictoria is an evergreen tree that can grow around 10 - 18 metres tall[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a foo and source of materials. It yields a gum-resin, which produces a gumboge of excellent quality[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020

Range

E. Asia - southwest India

Habitat

Forests; at elevations up to 1,200 metres[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms must usually be grown if fruit and seed are required. At least some dioecious Garcinia species, however, are able to produce fertile seed even in the absence of fertilization (asexual reproduction). Such seeds would be expected to be genetically identical to the parent[
1798
Title
Taxonomic Revision of Garcinia Section Garcinia (Clusiaceae)
Publication
Phytotaxa 373 (1): 001-052
Author
Nazre M., Newman M.F., Pennington R.T. & Middleton D.J.
Website
https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.373.1.1
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
1179-3155
Description
 
]

Edible Uses

An oil obtained from the seeds is used as substitute for ghee in cooking[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
].

The globose fruit is a fleshy berry 20 - 25mm x 15 - 20mm across, containing 4 large, kidney-shaped seeds that are covered with juicy pulp[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
]. We have seen no reports on edibility.

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

A resinous, thick yellow latex is obtained from the bark, branches and fruits. An excellent gamboge, which is obtained either by scraping off ihe dead outer bark and then pricking the stem and collecting the small tears which exude, or by stripping the bark, pounding it, and boiling[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
An excellent yellow pigment is obtained from the fruit. It is used for dyeing cloth, as a colouring in paints, inks etc[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
].
Gamboge is a gum-resin which is obtained from the bark, branches and fruits of several species in the genus Garcinia. It contains around 70 - 80% resin with 15 - 25% gum and is used primarily as a pigment, being used to dye cloth (the yellow silken robes of Buddhist monks are often dyed with it), as well as supplying a golden-yellow colouring to varnishes, lacquers, paints, ink, water colours etc[
64
Title
Vegetable Gums and Resins.
Publication
 
Author
Howes. F. N.
Publisher
Faber
Year
 
ISBN
81-88818-17-8
Description
A very good book dealing with the subject in a readable way.
,
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

The seed oil is used as a fuel for lamps[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
].

Wood - moderately hard. A good timber[
1796
Title
Garcinia pictoria Buch.-Ham.
Publication
[online] India Biodiversity Portal,Species Page : Garcinia pictoria
Author
Ganeshaiah K.N., Atree B.R.
Website
https://indiabiodiversity.org/biodiv/species/show/281249
Publisher
 
Year
2020
ISBN
 
Description
Accessed 22/04/2020
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-04. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Garcinia+pictoria>

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