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Useful Tropical Plants

Ficus sagittata

Vahl

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Ficus adhaerens Miq.

Ficus bordenii Merr.

Ficus carophylla Miq.

Ficus coccinella Zipp. ex Miq.

Ficus compressicaulis Blume

Ficus crininervia Miq.

Ficus lanoensis Merr. ex Sata

Ficus leptocarpa adhaerens (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus leptocarpa borneensis Miq.

Ficus leptocarpa crassa Miq.

Ficus leptocarpa oligosperma (Miq.) Miq.

Ficus leptocarpa subglabra Miq.

Ficus leptocarpa timorensis Miq.

Ficus oligosperma Miq.

Ficus radicans Desf.

Ficus ramentacea Roxb.

Ficus ramosii Merr. ex Sata

Ficus rigescens Miq.

Ficus rubrocarpa Elmer

Ficus subrigida Miq.

Ficus tayabensis Elmer

Pogonotrophe rigida Miq.

Common Name:

Ficus sagittata
Fruits
Photograph by: Mary Merello
Creative Commons License
Ficus sagittata Ficus sagittata Ficus sagittata Ficus sagittata Ficus sagittata

General Information

Ficus sagittata is a climbing shrub when young, often starting life as an epiphyte. As it grows older it can become a tree[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. It often starts life as an epiphyte in the branch of a tree and can eventually send down aerial roots that, once they reach the ground, provide extra nutrients that help the plant grow more vigorously. These aerial roots can completely encircle the trunk of the host tree, constricting its growth - this, coupled with the more vigorous top growth, can lead to the fig outcompeting and killing the tree in which it is growing[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is cultivated for its ornamental value[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Palau.

Habitat

Common in lowland to montane forest, at elevations up to 1,600 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsWasps
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



Fig trees have a unique form of fertilization, each species relying on a single, highly specialized species of wasp that is itself totaly dependant upon that fig species in order to breed. The trees produce three types of flower; male, a long-styled female and a short-styled female flower, often called the gall flower. All three types of flower are contained within the structure we usually think of as the fruit.
The female fig wasp enters a fig and lays its eggs on the short styled female flowers while pollinating the long styled female flowers. Wingless male fig wasps emerge first, inseminate the emerging females and then bore exit tunnels out of the fig for the winged females. Females emerge, collect pollen from the male flowers and fly off in search of figs whose female flowers are receptive. In order to support a population of its pollinator, individuals of a Ficus spp. must flower asynchronously. A population must exceed a critical minimum size to ensure that at any time of the year at least some plants have overlap of emmission and reception of fig wasps. Without this temporal overlap the short-lived pollinator wasps will go locally extinct[
413
Title
Global Invasive Species Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.issg.org/database/welcome/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Very detailed information on almost 400 species (with more being added) of plants that have become weeds in areas outside their native range.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves are said to have narcotic properties[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Ficus+sagittata>

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