Cinchona caribaea Jacq.
Cinchona caribbeana W.Wright
Cinchona herbacea L.
Cinchona myrtifolia Stokes
Cinchona racemosa Schrank ex Steud.
Exostema longicuspe Oerst.
Exostema veraensis Kitanov
Exostema caribaeum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with slender, spreading branches and sometimes without a definite crown of foliage; it usually grows from 3 - 8 metres tall, The short bole can be 10cm in diameter[
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a medicine, source of lighting and timber.
S. America - Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean Trinidad to Cuba and the Bahamas; SE N. America - Florida.
Dry, brushy, often rocky slopes, at elevations of 400 - 1,300 metres in Guatemala[
]. Arid coastal thickets and woodlands on limestone soils at elevations from sea level to 250 metres in Jamaica[
|Other Uses Rating||
The leaves and bark are bitter, and formerly the plant was used in some parts of its range as a substitute for quinine to treat fevers, including malaria[
The wood burns readily and has been used for torches[
The heartwood is light brown with yellow streaks; the sapwood is yellow. The wood is hard, very heavy, strong and durable. It is commonly used for fenceposts and has also been utilized in cabinetmaking; wood turning for items such as canes; and for inlaid work[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.