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Useful Tropical Plants

Euphorbia trigona

Mill.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Euphorbia hermentiana Lem.

Common Name:

Euphorbia trigona
Cultivated plant in Lanzarote, Canary Islands
Photograph by: Frank Vincentz
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
Euphorbia trigona Euphorbia trigona Euphorbia trigona

General Information

Euphorbia trigona is a spiny, succulent, evergreen shrub or tree, usually growing up to 1.8 metres tall[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
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Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
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Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is commonly planted as a ritual plant and hedge near villages, especially in Gabon, and is widely cultivated as an ornamental, often as a pot plant[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Known Hazards

The latex is an additive to Periploca nigrescens arrow poison, and is also used as fish poison or as a criminal poison[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The latex is also used during trials by ordeal[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Gabon, Congo, DR Congo, Angola, Malawi.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

Plants are not tolerant of frosts[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
Prefers a position in light shade[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].
It is possibly of hybrid origin, as it is only known in cultivation and is not known to flower[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

Some drops of latex in palm wine are taken in severe cases of constipation or in case of an epileptic attack[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The latex contains 8-methoxyingol esters, which are very irritant to the skin. It also contains lectins with potent erythrocyte agglutinating ability[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is grown as a hedge[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Euphorbia+trigona>

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