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Useful Tropical Plants

Erythroxylum citrifolium

A.St.-Hil.

Erythroxylaceae


The generic name has often been spelled Erythroxylon, especially in older literature[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Erythroxylum acutifolium Steud. ex Peyr.

Erythroxylum duckei Huber

Erythroxylum gomphioides Planch. & Linden ex Triana & Planch.

Erythroxylum micranthum Bong. ex Peyr.

Erythroxylum paraense Peyr.

Maytenus longipes Briq.

Common Name:

Erythroxylum citrifolium
Flowering stem
Photograph by: João Medeiros
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Erythroxylum citrifolium Erythroxylum citrifolium Erythroxylum citrifolium Erythroxylum citrifolium Erythroxylum citrifolium

General Information

Erythroxylum citrifolium is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing up to 10 metres tall[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
].
The bark is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.

Range

S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, the Guyanas, Venezuela and through Central America to Nicaragua.

Habitat

Ridges, savannahs and river banks[
422
Title
Fruits of the Guianan Flora
Publication
 
Author
van Roosmalen. M.G.M.
Publisher
Institute of Systematic Boyany, Utrecht University; Netherlands.
Year
1985
ISBN
90-9000988-4
Description
Terse descriptions of over 1,700 species from the Guianas that bear fruits - not necessarily edible! Often mentions if the fruit is edible, plus gives brief description of habit and habitat.
]. Evergreen forest formations, often in secondary forest, at elevations from 700 - 1,200 metres in Costa Rica[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height4.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of tropical areas, where it is found at elevations from sea level to more than 1,500 metres.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is used for healing wounds[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Erythroxylum+citrifolium>

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