If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Durio ceylanicus

Gardner

Malvaceae

+ Synonyms

Cullenia ceylanica (Gardner) Wight ex K.Schum.

Cullenia excelsa Wight

Common Name:

Durio ceylanicus
Drawing of the leaves, flowers and fruits
Photograph by: Wight, R., Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis, vol. 5(1): t. 1761 (1846) [Govindoo]
Creative Commons License
Durio ceylanicus Durio ceylanicus

General Information

Durio ceylanica is a large, evergreen tree with a pyramidal crown; it can grow up to 40 metres tall. The bole is buttressed.
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood.
The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The large, globose fruit has numerous sharp prickles and, when it falls to the ground, can be rather troublesome for people walking barefoot through the forest[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka.

Habitat

Forests in moist regions, at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. A canopy tree in medium elevation wet evergreen forests at elevations, between 600 - 1,400 metres.

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the lowland, moist tropics.

This species closely resembles the durian (Durio zibethinus) in both foliage and structure of the fruit. The fruit of this species, however, is lacking the distinctive smell of the durian and is inedible[
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The tree has sometimes been used as a rootstock for the durian (Durio zibethinus). Approach grafts are said to induce earlier flowering and produce greater growth than when planted on Durio zibethinus rootstocks[
545
Title
A Guide on Horticulture.
Publication
 
Author
Sundararaj, J.S. Et al
Publisher
K. Perisami, Coimbatore, India
Year
1970
ISBN
 
Description
Page 243 contains an item about grafting durians on to Cullenia rootstocks.
].

The pale, yellowish-brown wood is light in weight; soft to moderately hard; easily split. It is used for cases and cigar boxes[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
We do not have any more information on the wood of this species. However, a general description of the wood for species in this genus is as follows:-
The heartwood is pink-brown, red, or deep red-brown; it is not always sharply demarcated from the white, pale yellow-brown or light reddish-yellow sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain straight to interlocked; somewhat lustrous; it is reported to have a foetid odour. The wood is not durable, and not resistant to termite attack; the sapwood is prone to powder-post beetle attack. It dries rapidly, but thin boards may tend to cup. The wood saws easily and generally dresses smoothly; nailing qualities are good. It is used for purposes such as furniture components, veneer and plywood, light construction[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Durio+ceylanicus>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.