Dolichos pratorum Harms
Dolichos tricostatus Baker
Dolichos trinervis De Wild.
Dolichos trinervatus is an erect, herbaceous perennial plant producing several unbranched or sparsely branched stems from a woody rootstock that is 10 - 20cm deep and 2cm wide. The plant usually grows 30 - 80cm tall, occasionally reaching 130cm[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
Dolichos trinervatus has a large geographical distribution, the species is known to occur within the protected areas network and aside from general threats in the region is not thought to be specifically threatened or in decline. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Southern Africa - Angola, southern DR Congo, Zambia, southern Tanzania, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Mozambique
Brachystegia woodland, savannah, miombo- or Uapaca-woodland, Hyparrhenia open woodland, granite and limestone outcrops, dambo margins, near rivers and waterfalls; at elevations from 450 - 2,100 metres[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The root is very commonly used as an aphrodisiac, pounded with flour and mixed with the side-dish[
]. The roots are also used as cure for nyangu, a symptom of which is dropping off of the eyelashes and poor sight[
The plant (part not specified) is used to treat stomach ache[
The woody roots are rich in saponins. They are used as a soap substitute for washing clothes[
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