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Useful Tropical Plants

Dillenia excelsa

(Jack) Martelli ex Gilg.

Dilleniaceae

+ Synonyms

Dillenia glabra Martelli

Dillenia magnoliifolia Martelli

Dillenia mattadensis Martelli

Dillenia oblonga (Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thomson) Martelli

Dillenia pauciflora (Zoll. & Moritzi) Gilg

Dillenia secunda Hunter ex Ridl.

Dillenia tomentella Martelli

Common Name:

Dillenia excelsa
Close-up of the flower
Photograph by: Dick Culbert
Creative Commons License
Dillenia excelsa Dillenia excelsa Dillenia excelsa Dillenia excelsa Dillenia excelsa

General Information

Dillenia excelsa is a tree that can grow up to 40 metres tall. The bole can be clear of branches for up to 20 metres and up to 75cm in diameter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use of its wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet

Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

A sub-canopy to canopy tree in forests, often along the sides of streams, growing on rather dry to swampy soils[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found in the wild on sandy to clayey soils, but also on limestone[
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood, which has a durability indoors of 15 - 20 years, is sometimes used in housebuilding[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
,
653
Title
Plants of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.asianplant.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Excellent site with brief information on the plant, its range, habitat and uses, plus phots of specimens, close-ops of flowers and leaves etc,
].
We do not have any more specific information on this species, but the following is a general description of the wood in this genus:-
Excepting for a wide range of colour, from light brick red to very dark reddish brown, the wood of all the Philippine species of Dillenia is practically identical in general appearance as well as in structure, and is
known in the Philippine market as catmon.
The heartwood is light brick red to dark reddish brown; it is not sharply demarcated from the pale red sapwood. The texture is rather coarse in appearance; the grain sometimes fairly straight, but generally very curly and twisted, hence difficult to split; somewhat lustrous; without distinctive odour or taste. The wood is hard; heavy, somewhat durable and is not attacked by beetles. It seasons well, checking and warping very little. It is difficult to saw, the very fine sawdust tends to clog the saw, but is otherwise fairly easy to work. It can be used for posts above stumps; beams, joists, rafters; flooring; sheathing and ceiling; furniture and cabinetwork; musical instruments; paving blocks and mine timbers (impregnated). A wood that, on account of its unusual flake grain, should be much more used for cabinetwork and would make a most beautiful veneer[
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dillenia+excelsa>

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