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Useful Tropical Plants

Dendrocnide moroides

(Wedd.) Chew

Urticaceae


The name of this species is spelled Dendrocnide moroidea in some publications[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

+ Synonyms

Laportea moroides Wedd.

Common Name:

Dendrocnide moroides
Fruit - note the stinging hairs on the stems
Photograph by: Fagg M.; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Dendrocnide moroides Dendrocnide moroides Dendrocnide moroides Dendrocnide moroides Dendrocnide moroides Dendrocnide moroides

General Information

Dendrocnide moroides is an evergreen shrub or a tree, usually growing up to 5 metres tall but sometimes reaching 10 metres[
374
Title
Contact-Poisonous Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Rohde. M.
Website
http://mic-ro.com/plants/
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A document on the internet. Gives brief information on about 35 species of plants that can cause severe problems from a single contact with the skin.
,
993
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 25
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1969
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the genera Dendrocnide and Laportea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food.

Known Hazards

The plant has intensely stinging hairs on the leaves, young branches and fruits. This is reported to be the most painful of all stinging trees[
993
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 25
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1969
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the genera Dendrocnide and Laportea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The stinging hairs break off when touched and inject a poison into the skin. Immediate burning sensation and itching will follow, including reddening and blistering. The burning can last for weeks. If the stinging hairs are not removed with wax shortly after the contact, the pain can recur for months[
374
Title
Contact-Poisonous Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Rohde. M.
Website
http://mic-ro.com/plants/
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A document on the internet. Gives brief information on about 35 species of plants that can cause severe problems from a single contact with the skin.
].
People can suffer even if they don't touch the plant. These trees continuously shed their stinging hairs. Staying close to a stinging tree for more than an hour can cause painful and continuous bouts of sneezing[
374
Title
Contact-Poisonous Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Rohde. M.
Website
http://mic-ro.com/plants/
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A document on the internet. Gives brief information on about 35 species of plants that can cause severe problems from a single contact with the skin.
].

Botanical References

993
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 25
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1969
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the genera Dendrocnide and Laportea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Southeast Asia - Indonesia (Moluccas) and eastern Australia.

Habitat

Moist places in rainforests, also along the sides of tracks in disturbed areas (particularly where the soil has been disturbed by tractors during logging); usually at low elevations[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height5.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Plants in this genus are essentially lowland primary forest species preferring slightly moist and somewhat shady habitats[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
Plants usually commence flowering and fruiting when around 1 - 3 metres tall[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
Unlike other members of this genus, this species is not dioecious - both male and female flowers are produced on the same plant[
993
Title
The Gardens' Bulletin Vol. 25
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/Default.aspx
Publisher
Botanic Gardens; Singapore
Year
1969
ISBN
 
Description
A botanical journal - this issue includes a treatment of the genera Dendrocnide and Laportea. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw[
374
Title
Contact-Poisonous Plants of the World
Publication
 
Author
Rohde. M.
Website
http://mic-ro.com/plants/
Publisher
 
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
A document on the internet. Gives brief information on about 35 species of plants that can cause severe problems from a single contact with the skin.
]. Juicy[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
]. The infructescence is up to 15 cm long, consisting of a number of more or less globular heads arranged in panicles. The nuts or achenes resemble small seeds and are surrounded by the fleshy, watery, swollen receptacles or pedicels[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
Extreme care should be exercised if you decide to eat this fruit, due to the severity of the sting this plant can give[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]. The following notes, from Dendrocnide photiniphylla, might also apply here - The fruits usually have at least some stinging hairs on them - these need to be removed before eating the fruit[
144
Title
Wild Food in Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Cribb. A. B. and J. W.
Publisher
Fontana
Year
1976
ISBN
0-00-634436-4
Description
A very good pocket guide.
]. This can be done quite easily by tossing a number of fruits together in a bag, thus abrading the hairs[
144
Title
Wild Food in Australia.
Publication
 
Author
Cribb. A. B. and J. W.
Publisher
Fontana
Year
1976
ISBN
0-00-634436-4
Description
A very good pocket guide.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The wood is very soft[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - easy[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].
Cuttings root easily - just thrusting a branch into moist ground will usually produce a new plant[
694
Title
Australian Rainforest Plants Volumes 1 - 6
Publication
 
Author
Nicholson N. & H.
Publisher
Terania Rainforest Publishing; New South Wales.
Year
2007
ISBN
9-78095894-3628
Description
Beautiful set of booklets with a terse description of over 600 species and their habitat, often including some of their uses and notes on their cultivation, plus at least one, excellent photograph.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Dendrocnide+moroides>

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