The specific name was originally spelled 'inoxia' by the author Miller. However, this was a mis-spelling since the wordis is based on the adjective 'noxia' combined with the prefix 'in', which is an inseparable particle prefixed to an adjective in order to reverse the meaning. Thus the correct form of the compound is 'innoxia', which is the correct form to use under Art. 60.1.
Datura guayaquilensis Kunth
Datura meteloides Dunal
Datura velutinosa V.R.Fuentes
Common Name: Downy Thorn Apple
Datura innoxia is an annual plant growing about 1 metre tall.
The plant is gathered from the wild and used locally for its various medicinal properties. It is a commercial source of the alkaloid scopolamine, which is used in the pharmaceutical industry[
All members of this genus contain narcotics and are very poisonous, even in small doses[
South-western N. America to Central America.
Sandy or gravelly dry open places at elevations below 1,200 metres in California[
A plant of subtropical to tropical areas. It is not very cold-hardy, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c[
Prefers a rich light sandy soil[
] and an open sunny position[
]. It is best grown in a fertile calcareous soil[
This species is extremely susceptible to the various viruses that afflict the potato family (Solanaceae), it can act as a centre of infection so should not be grown near potatoes or tomatoes[
Fruit - ground up and mixed with clay[
] ( the clay probably has a neutralizing effect on the toxins). A very toxic plant, its use as a food cannot be recommended[
]. The fruit is up to 5cm long and 7cm wide[
A stupefying beverage is made from the leaves and roots[
All parts of the plant are anodyne, antispasmodic, hallucinogenic, hypnotic and narcotic[
]. It has been used in the past as a pain killer and also in the treatment of insanity, fevers with catarrh, diarrhoea and skin diseases[
]. The plant contains several alkaloids, the most active of which is scopolamine[
]. This is a potent cholinergic-blocking hallucinogen, which has been used to calm schizoid patients[
]. The leaves contain 0.52% scopolamine, the calices 1.08%, the stems 0.3%, the roots 0.39%, the fruits 0.77%, the capsules 0.33%, the seeds 0.44% and the whole plant 0.52 - 0.62%[
]. Any use of this plant should be with extreme caution and under the supervision of a qualified practitioner since the toxic dose is very close to the medicinal dose.
Seed - best pre-soaked for twelve hours in warm water before sowing. Seed can be sown in situ, or in a nursery seedbed. Germination takes 14 - 30 days[
]. If the seed is sown in a nursery, then seedlings are transplanted into their final positions when 8 - 12 cm tall[
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