Amerimnon spruceanum (Benth.) Kuntze
Miscolobium spruceanum Benth.
Dalbergia spruceana is a small, evergreen tree.
The tree yields a fine quality timber that is used locally and also exported. This is one of 33 species named as being a suitable Hongmu (red wood) timber, used for producing high quality Chinese furniture following traditions from the Ming and Quing dynasty, which makes it a particularly valuable wood[
S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Venezuela.
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A plant of the moist tropics, where it is usually found at elevations from 200 - 1,200 metres.
Species in this genus are mainly found in the wild growing in sany soils and on limestone escarpments[
]. In cultivation they are likely to do well in a fertile, loam soil and a position in full sun[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The wood is fine and uniform-textured; straight-grained; compact, hard, heavy and strong[
]. A type of rosewood, it is highly valued for cabinet work[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
Softwood cuttings of many species, especially if taken from younger plants, will root in a well-drained, sandy medium in a closed case with bottom heat[
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