It was proposed by P.L.R. Moraes in Phytotaxa 41: 46 (2012) that the correct name for this taxon should be Dalbergia ovalis (L.) P.L.R.Moraes & L.P.Queiroz, based on Pterocarpus ovalis L. However, the name Dalbergia monetaria has been proposed for conservation and so, untill we know of a decision, we will continue using the name Dalbergia monetaria L.f.[
Dalbergia ovalis (L.) P.L.R.Moraes & L.P.Queiroz
Dalbergia volubilis (L.) Urb.
Ecastaphyllum benthamianum Miq.
Ecastaphyllum brownei glabrum DC.
Ecastaphyllum molle Miq.
Ecastaphyllum monetaria Pers.
Ecastaphyllum plumieri Pers.
Ecastaphyllum richardi Pers.
Ecastaphyllum sieberi Rchb. ex Steud.
Elsota volubilis (L.) Kuntze
Pterocarpus berteroi Spreng. ex DC.
Pterocarpus ecastaphyllum P.J.Bergius
Pterocarpus ovalis L.
Pterocarpus plumieri Poir.
Pterocarpus quercinus Vell.
Pterocarpus richardii Poir.
Pterocarpus ternatus Poir.
Securidaca volubilis L.
Dalbergia monetaria is a large shrub or small tree, sometimes a climbing plant with twining branches[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.
S. America - northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; C. America - Panama to Guatemala & southern Mexico; Caribbean
Along the sides of rivers and creeks[
]. Wet forest, often in mangrove swamps, at or near sea level[
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Species in this genus are mainly found in the wild growing in sany soils and on limestone escarpments[
]. In cultivation they are likely to do well in a fertile, loam soil and a position in full sun[
A maceration of the stem bark is used to counteract diarrhoea.[
] A cold water infusion of the bark is used to relieve a condition causing blood in the stools[
The seed contains several active compounds including rotenoids and isoflavonoids[
The very flat fruits contain a few oval flat seeds that are around 45mm long and 40mm wibe - they are used in necklaces and belts in Peru[
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
Softwood cuttings of many species, especially if taken from younger plants, will root in a well-drained, sandy medium in a closed case with bottom heat[
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