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Useful Tropical Plants

Croton urucurana

Baill.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Croton dracona Larrañaga

Croton paulinianus Müll.Arg.

Croton succiruber Parodi

Oxydectes pauliniana (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Oxydectes urucurana (Baill.) Kuntze

Common Name: Sangra d'Agua

Croton urucurana
Tree growing in native habitat
Photograph by: Mauricio Mercadante
Creative Commons License
Croton urucurana Croton urucurana Croton urucurana Croton urucurana Croton urucurana Croton urucurana

General Information

Croton urucurana is a deciduous shrub or a tree with an open and irregularly-shaped crown; it can grow 7 - 14 metres tall. The bole can be 25 - 35cm in diameter[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
1899
Title
As espécies de Croton L. sect. Cyclostigma Griseb. e Croton L. sect. Luntia (Raf.) G. L. Webster subsect. Matourense
Publication
Acta Amazonica VOL. 40(3) 2010: 471 - 488
Author
Guimarães L.A.C. & Secco R.de S.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of timber. It is also suitable for use as a pioneer species in restoring native woodland.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1899
Title
As espécies de Croton L. sect. Cyclostigma Griseb. e Croton L. sect. Luntia (Raf.) G. L. Webster subsect. Matourense
Publication
Acta Amazonica VOL. 40(3) 2010: 471 - 488
Author
Guimarães L.A.C. & Secco R.de S.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil.

Habitat

Gallery forests, characteristic of very humid and swampy terrains[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Found mainly in secondary formations[
19
Title
Poisonous Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Stary. F.
Publisher
Hamlyn
Year
1983
ISBN
0-600-35666-3
Description
Not very comprehensive, but easy reading.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height10.00 m
Growth RateFast
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Requires a sunny position[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Plants are tolerant of seasonal inundation of the soil[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Most Croton species are relatively indifferent to their habitat and can grow on a wide range of soils in both disturbed and undisturbed vegetation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
A fast-growing tree[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

This is one of several Croton species that have the common name 'Sangre de Drago', or 'Dragon's Blood' in allusion to the red resin that exudes from various parts of the plant, but mainly from the bark. This resin has a number of useful medicinal properties, in particular it is astringent and vulnerary and is an effective healing agent that is commonly applied to wounds in order to speed the healing process[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
1899
Title
As espécies de Croton L. sect. Cyclostigma Griseb. e Croton L. sect. Luntia (Raf.) G. L. Webster subsect. Matourense
Publication
Acta Amazonica VOL. 40(3) 2010: 471 - 488
Author
Guimarães L.A.C. & Secco R.de S.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
This red resin, obtained from various South American Croton species, contains a dihydrobenzofuran lignan that has been shown to inhibit cell proliferation, which may well explain its application in folk medicine[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

The bark is astringent and vulnerary. It is applied topically to heal wounds[
739
Title
Medicinal Plants of Brazil
Publication
 
Author
Mors W.B.; Rizzini C.T.; Pereira N.A.
Publisher
Reference Publications; Michigan.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-917256-42-5
Description
An extremely concise book, listing approximately 1,500 species and varieties of plants with their botanical name, common name in Brazil, regions in Brazil where the plant is found, a brief list of uses and any medically active compounds in the plant.
,
1899
Title
As espécies de Croton L. sect. Cyclostigma Griseb. e Croton L. sect. Luntia (Raf.) G. L. Webster subsect. Matourense
Publication
Acta Amazonica VOL. 40(3) 2010: 471 - 488
Author
Guimarães L.A.C. & Secco R.de S.
Publisher
 
Year
2010
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Agroforestry Uses:

A fast-growing, pioneer species, well-adapted to wet and swampy terrains, it is an ideal choice for re-establishing woodland in riverine areas[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Other Uses

The wood is hard, moderately heavy, of good mechanical resistance and with moderate durability when exposed to the elements. It can be used in boat construction, hydraulic work, carpentry and cabinet making; also for external purpose such as railway sleepers and stays[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A high germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 15 - 25 days[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. When the seedlings are 4 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 4 - 5 months later[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The seed has a viability of less than 4 months[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-02-09. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Croton+urucurana>

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