Croton asper Desv. ex Baill.
Croton maracayuensis Chodat & Hassl.
Oxydectes floribunda (Spreng.) Kuntze
Croton floribundus is a deciduous or semideciduous tree with an elongated, dense crown; it can grow 6 - 10 metres tall. The bole is usually short, up to 4 metres tall, and slightly crooked, 20 - 40cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and range of local medicinal uses. It is a potentially useful pioneer species for re-establishing woodland.
S. America - Paraguay, central and eastern Brazil.
A characteristic plant of secondary, semideciduous forests, also found on the borders of disturbed primary forests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Most Croton species are relatively indifferent to their habitat and can grow on a wide range of soils in both disturbed and undisturbed vegetation[
Young plants establish well and grow away quickly, easily reaching heights of 4 metres within 2 years[
The bark is anthelmintic and strongly purgative[
]. It is used in the treatment of syphilis[
A decoction is used to treat ailments of the eyes, including trachoma[
]. The bark is an ingredient in a bitters called 'Industrial Cascarille'[
The fruit is tonic[
The leaves are antiscorbutic, carminative, purgative and vulnerary. They are used for healing ulcers[
One of the most common pioneer species within its native range, rapidly invading disturbed land and establishing quickly[
The heartwood is white or yellow, not distinct from the sapwood[
]. The wood is straight-grained; of medium texture; moderately heavy and with poor resistance to wood-eating organisms[
]. It is used for light boxing, wooden artefacts, carpentry, internal work, toys etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, it does not require pre-treatment[
]. Sow in a nursery seedbed in semi-shade. Germination rates are usually low, the seed sprouting within 20 - 40 days. Pot the seedlings up into individual containers when they are about 4 - 5cm tall and plant out into permanent positions 4 - 5 months later[
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