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Useful Tropical Plants

Croton decaryi

Leandri

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Croton decaryi is a shrub with strongly scented foliage, growing up to 2 metres tall[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and as an insect repellent stuffing for mattresses.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

740
Title
Annales Du Musée Colonial De Marseille Series 5 Volume 7.
Publication
 
Author
Leandri M.J.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Faculté Des Sciences De Marseille
Year
1939
ISBN
 
Description
Includes a monograph on the genus Croton in Madagascar. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

Africa - southwestern Madagascar.

Habitat

Open forests and stream banks at low elevations[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height1.50 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Most Croton species are relatively indifferent to their habitat and can grow on a wide range of soils in both disturbed and undisturbed vegetation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A decoction of the aerial parts is taken to calm patients with paranoid psychosis[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

The aromatic leafy branches are used as a mattress filler to repel insects, especially lice[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The dry leaves contain about 0.3% essential oil[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The essential oil of the leaves is rich in monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons. Major components are beta caryophyllene (27%), alpha pinene (21%), alpha humulene (19%), beta pinene (7%) and caryophyllene oxide (5%)[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The dry stems contain about 0.2% essential oil. This comprises mainly monoterpenes and oxygenated monoterpenes; the major components are alpha pinene (26%), borneol (13%), camphene (11%), beta pinene (7%), beta caryophyllene (9%) and caryophyllene oxide (6%)[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Croton+decaryi>

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