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Useful Tropical Plants

Croton argyratus

Blume

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Croton avellaneus Croizat.

Croton bicolor Roxb.

Croton budopensis Gagnep.

Croton maieuticus Gagnep.

Croton pilargyros Croizat.

Croton tawaoensis Croizat

Croton zollingeri Miq.

Oxydectes argyrata (Blume) Kuntze

Oxydectes bicolor (Roxb.) Kuntze

Common Name:

Croton argyratus
Looking up at the leafy branches
Photograph by: B. van Ee
Creative Commons License
Croton argyratus Croton argyratus Croton argyratus

General Information

Croton argyratus is an evergreen, monoecious, small to medium-sized tree that can grow up to 27 metres tall but is usually smaller[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
]. The cylindrical bole is fairly straight, up to 70cm (occasionally to 170 cm) in diameter, without buttresses[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
The plant is gathered from the wild for its timber, oil and various medicinal uses. It is also sometimes cultivated as a living fence.
Croton argyratus has a wide distribution and there are no known specific threats causing any significant decline The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2020)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.

Range

Southeast Asia - Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Philippines.

Habitat

Open areas, hill slopes and partly disturbed places in evergreen forest, secondary forest in rubber plantation, at rocky streams and roadsides; at elevations from 50 - 400 metres[
742
Title
Flora of Thailand - Euphorbiaceae
Publication
 
Author
van Welzen P.C.
Website
http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/thaieuph/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent site with masses of information about the species of Euphorbia found in Thailand.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Edibility Rating *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the humid, lowland tropics, it is found at elevations up to 1,500 metres[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
It usually occurs in well-drained locations on sandy clay, sandy loam, heavy loam with limestone or basaltic soils.
The plant has been observed flowering throughout the year[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Edible Uses

The leaves are used to make a tea[
730
Title
A Field Guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand
Publication
 
Author
Gardener S.; Sidisunthorn P.; Anusarnsunthorn V.
Publisher
Kobfai Publishing Project; Bangkok.
Year
2000
ISBN
974-7799-01-4
Description
An excellent, concise guide to 430 species, plus notes on another 450 species. Excellent photographs and a separate section on distribution and plant uses.
].

Medicinal

A decoction of the leaves is used as a treatment for diarrhoea, ulcers and fever, and is also given after childbirth, and used for medicinal baths[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

An infusion of the roots is used as a treatment for thrush[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The roots can be applied externally as a treatment against ulcers[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is sometimes used for live fences[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

Other Uses

The seeds yield an oil that is used in lamps[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
730
Title
A Field Guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand
Publication
 
Author
Gardener S.; Sidisunthorn P.; Anusarnsunthorn V.
Publisher
Kobfai Publishing Project; Bangkok.
Year
2000
ISBN
974-7799-01-4
Description
An excellent, concise guide to 430 species, plus notes on another 450 species. Excellent photographs and a separate section on distribution and plant uses.
].

The pale-coloured wood is heavy, hard and seasons well. It is used for poles in house construction and for agricultural implements like tool handles[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
730
Title
A Field Guide to Forest Trees of Northern Thailand
Publication
 
Author
Gardener S.; Sidisunthorn P.; Anusarnsunthorn V.
Publisher
Kobfai Publishing Project; Bangkok.
Year
2000
ISBN
974-7799-01-4
Description
An excellent, concise guide to 430 species, plus notes on another 450 species. Excellent photographs and a separate section on distribution and plant uses.
].
The wood is a valuable firewood[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed - about 45% germination can be expected in 22 - 73 days[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Croton+argyratus>

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