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Useful Tropical Plants

Crotalaria goreensis

Guill. & Perr.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Crotalaria cylindrocarpa auct.

Crotalaria falcata Schumach. & Thonn.

Crotalaria guineensis D.Dietr.

Crotalaria leopoldvillensis De Wild.

Crotalaria macrostipula Steud. ex A.Rich.

Common Name:

Crotalaria goreensis
Flowering stem
Photograph by: M. Fagg; Australian National Botanic Gardens
Creative Commons License
Crotalaria goreensis Crotalaria goreensis Crotalaria goreensis Crotalaria goreensis

General Information

Crotalaria goreensis is a very variable plant. An erect or rather spreading, annual or short-lived, often bushy perennial, it can grow from 6 - 250cm tall and can be branched or unbranched[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is sometimes grown as a green manure[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

No specific mention of toxicity has been seen for this species, but many members of this genus are known to contain pyrrolizidine alkaloids, the most potent of which in this genus are monocrotaline, retrorsine and retronecine[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. These alkaloids have a cumulative effect upon the body and, unless concentrations in a plant are high, occasional consumption is generally completely safe. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are derived from amino acids including ornithine. Many of these alkaloids have pronounced hepatic toxicity, but the lungs and other organs may be affected as well. Mutagenic and carcinogenic activities of pyrrolizidine alkaloids have also been reported[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References

1343
Title
Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia
Publication
Phytotaxa 320 (1): 001-074
Author
Ninkaew S.; Balslev H.; Pornpongrungrueng P.; Chantaranothai
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
978-1-77670-218-3
Description
 

Range

Africa - widely spread from Senegal to Ethiopia, south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Habitat

Deciduous woodland, grassland and on disturbed soil, in places where ample moisture is available; at elevations from 600 - 1,200 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitAnnual/Perennial
Height2.00 m
PollinatorsSelf
Self-fertileYes
Cultivation StatusCultivated

Cultivation Details


Plants in this genus generally prefer a sunny position, succeeding in dry to moist, well-drained soils[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
].
The plant readily invades disturbed areas and prevents the regeneration of native species. Seed is dispersed in contaminated pasture seed and fodder, as well as by machinery, vehicles and water[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
]. The plant is an invasive weed in Australia[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used as green manure for tobacco and sugar cane in Australia (Queensland). It has performed well in New Guinea[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ. Pre-soaking the seed for 12 hours in warm water can help to reduce germination time.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-18. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Crotalaria+goreensis>

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