Cratoxylum biflorum (Lam.) Turcz.
Cratoxylum chinense (Hance) Merr.
Cratoxylum hypoleuca Elmer
Cratoxylum lanceolatum Miq.
Cratoxylum ligustrinum (Spach) Blume
Cratoxylum myrtifolium Blume
Cratoxylum petiolatum Blume
Cratoxylum polyanthum Korth.
Cratoxylum wightii Blume
Elodes chinensis Hance
Hypericum biflorum Lam.
Hypericum cochinchinense Lour.
Oxycarpus cochinchinensis Lour.
Stalagmites erosipetala Miq.
Trunk of young, cultivated plant
Photograph by: Cychk
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
Cratoxylum cochinchinense is a deciduous shrub, or more commonly a tree; it usually grows 1.5 - 18 metres tall, occasionally to 33 metres. The bole has clusters of long thorns on its lower part; it is often of poor shape, up to 55cm in diameter and sometimes fluted at the base[
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of food, medicines, dyestuff and wood. Where trees of sufficient dimension are found, they are often harvested for their wood, known as derum, which is used locally and also exported. The tree is sometimes grown as an ornamental[
The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
E. Asia - southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Primary and secondary forests, thickets, grassland, dry sunny mountain slopes, hills; usually on well-drained soils of various types. at elevations up to 500 metres, ascending to 1,200 metres in southern China[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Found in the wild on various soil types, so long as they are well-drained[
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
The young fruit is used as a spice for cooking[
Young shoots - raw. Eaten as a raw vegetable[
The young leaves are used as a substitute for tea[
The roots, bark, and twigs are used as a medicine for treating colds and diarrhoea[
The bark and leaves, pounded and mixed with coconut milk, are applied topically as a treatment for skin troubles[
A brown dye is obtained from the bark[
The wood is very hard and durable[
]. A valuable wood for woodcuts[
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