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Useful Tropical Plants

Copaifera salikounda

Heckel

Fabaceae


This species is often confused with Detarium senegalense, a species that has leaflets with translucent dots[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Copaifera salikounda is an evergreen tree growing up to 40 metres tall, with a bole to more than 1 metre in diameter and 3 metres in girth[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for its resin and its good quality timber.
The tree can occur commonly and regeneration appears to be good, but exploitation of the timber, as well as habitat loss, throughout its range are causing population declines. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Western tropical Africa - Sierra Leone to Ghana.

Habitat

Evergreen rain-forest; lagoon side; often more or less gregarious; also on slopes; at elevations up to 950 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height30.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A tree of the lowland humid tropics.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The sap-wood is white and, when freshly cut, slowly exudes a sweetly-scented copal that sets to a hard varnish[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Copal is a hard resin, obtained from various tropical trees, that is used to make varnish[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

The heartwood is a red-brown; it is clearly demarcated from the 5 - 10cm wide band of sapwood. The texture is medium; the grain straight or interlocked. The wood is of moderate weight, moderately hard; fairly durable, being resistant to dry wood borers and moderately resistant to fungi and termites. The wood seasons normally, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It works well with ordinary tools, though resin can sometimes cause clogging; nailing and screwing are good; gluing is correct. The wood is of good quality and is widely used for purposes such as high class furniture, cabinet work, flooring, light carpentry, construction, panelling, joinery, and shingles[
848
Title
Tropix 7
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://tropix.cirad.fr/en
Publisher
CIRAD
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An on-line guide to the timbers of 245 species of trees.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Copaifera+salikounda>

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