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Useful Tropical Plants

Commiphora leptophloeos

(Mart.) J.B.Gillett

Burseraceae

+ Synonyms

Bursera leptophloeos Mart.

Bursera martiana Engl.

Bursera orinocensis Engl.

Common Name:

Commiphora leptophloeos
Fruiting branch
Photograph by: Germaine A. Parada
Creative Commons License
Commiphora leptophloeos Commiphora leptophloeos

General Information

Commiphora leptophloeos is a spiny, deciduous tree with a spreading, roundish crown; it can grow 6 - 9 metres tall. The short bole can be 40 - 60cm in diameter[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood and a gum. A very ornamental tree, it is often planted to provide shade[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - northeastern Brazil.

Habitat

Dryland forest and scrub, usually on well-drained, deep, chalky soils[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the 'Caatinga' dry forest region of northeast Brazil. The climate is hot and dry, there are usually 6 to 11 months without rain each year. The mean annual rainfall varies from 250 - 1,000mm, and the mean annual temperature is from 24 - 26°c.
Prefers a sunny position[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Found in deep, well-drained, chalky soils in the wild[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Established plants are very drought tolerant[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

An oil extracted from the seeds has medicinal properties[
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
].

The plant (part not specified) is tonic and vulnerary[
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
]. It is made into a syrup as a treatment against coughs and bronchitis, and is also used in the treatment of wounds, gastritis and ulcers[
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
].

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used as a live hedge, providing protection from the wind[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
]. Green posts are used as fence posts to mark boundaries etc, but usually root to form trees[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
A natural pioneer species within its native range, it could be suitable for use in reforestation projects for dryland areas[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Other Uses

A gum-resin obtained from the stems is used in the manufacture of varnishes and seals[
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
].

The wood is medium-textured, straight-grained. It is light in weight, with moderate mechanical properties and susceptible to rot. Easy to work with, it is employed locally for primitive sculpture, domestic utensils, yokes etc[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. The wood is of high value and has a range of applications, being used in carpentry, construction, cuttings, boxing, floorboards, doors, windows, frames, furniture and crafts (for making masks and sculptures)[
738
Title
Espécies Nativas mais utilizadas pelas Comunidades Rurais
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cnip.org.br/PFNMs/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A set of information sheets on some of the plants of northeastern Brazil that are commonly used by the local people.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate of less than 50% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within a few weeks[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. When the seedlings have 4- 6 leaves, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out 5 - 7 months later[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Commiphora+leptophloeos>

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