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Useful Tropical Plants

Codiaeum variegatum

(L.) Rumph. ex A.Juss.

Euphorbiaceae

+ Synonyms

Codiaeum albicans G.Nicholson

Codiaeum angustifolium (Müll.Arg.) auct.

Codiaeum burtonii G.Nicholson

Codiaeum chelsonii (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum chrysophyllum (W.Bull) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum chrysosticton Rumph. ex Spreng.

Codiaeum cooperi (auct.) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum crispum Rumph. ex Müll.Arg.

Codiaeum cuneifolium Zipp. ex Span.

Codiaeum dodgonae G.Nicholson

Codiaeum eburneum G.Nicholson

Codiaeum elegans G.Nicholson

Codiaeum elegantissimum W.Bull

Codiaeum elongatum Linden & André

Codiaeum evansianum (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum fucatum G.Nicholson

Codiaeum goldiei (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum grande G.Nicholson

Codiaeum hanburyanum G.Nicholson

Codiaeum henryanum G.Nicholson

Codiaeum hillianum (Van Geert) Rothsch.

Codiaeum illustre (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum imperiale (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum insigne (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum interruptum (Van Geert) Rothsch.

Codiaeum irregulare (Van Geert) Rothsch.

Codiaeum jamesii G.Nicholson

Codiaeum lancifolium G.Nicholson

Codiaeum lyratum Linden & André

Codiaeum macfarlanei G.Nicholson

Codiaeum maculatum G.Nicholson

Codiaeum magnificum Linden

Codiaeum majesticum (T.Moore) W.Bull ex Nicholson

Codiaeum maximum Verschaff.

Codiaeum medium Baill..

Codiaeum moluccanum Decne.

Codiaeum multicolor (Veitch ex André) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum mutabile G.Nicholson

Codiaeum nevilliae G.Nicholson

Codiaeum obovatum Zoll. & Moritzi

Codiaeum pictum (G.Lodd.) Hook.

Codiaeum pilgrimii (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum recurvifolium (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum roseopictum André

Codiaeum spirale G.Nicholson

Codiaeum stewartii G.Nicholson

Codiaeum superbiens G.Nicholson

Codiaeum sylvestre Rumph. ex Müll.Arg.

Codiaeum taeniosum Rumph. ex Müll.Arg.

Codiaeum timorense A.Juss.

Codiaeum trilobum (W.Bull) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum triumphans G.Nicholson

Codiaeum undulatum (Van Geert) Cogn. & Marchal

Codiaeum vanoosterzeei Rodigas

Codiaeum volutum (W.Bull) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum warrenii G.Nicholson

Codiaeum weismannii (H.J.Veitch) Cogn. & Marchal

Codiaeum williamsii (Van Geert) G.Nicholson

Codiaeum wilsonii G.Nicholson

Codiaeum youngii (Veitch) G.Nicholson

Croton aigburtensis auct.

Croton albicans Van Geert

Croton andreanus Linden

Croton andreeus Linden

Croton aneitumensis Van Geert

Croton angustissimus auct.

Croton aucubifolius Linden

Croton baliospermus Span.

Croton bellulus Linden & André

Croton bergmanii Chantrier ex André

Croton bragaeanus Van Geert

Croton carrier Chantrier

Croton chelsonii Van Geert

Croton chrysophyllus W.Bull

Croton cooperi auct.

Croton cornutus (André) W.Bull

Croton cronstadtii Van Geert

Croton disraelii Veitch

Croton dogsoniae Van Geert

Croton dormanianus Van Geert

Croton drouetii Chantrier

Croton duvalii Chantrier

Croton eeckhautei Van Geert

Croton evansianus Van Geert

Croton fucatus W.Bull

Croton goldiei Van Geert

Croton guineensis Van Geert

Croton harwoodianus auct.

Croton hastiferus Linden & André

Croton hawkeri Van Geert

Croton heuryanus Van Geert

Croton hillianus Van Geert

Croton hookeri André

Croton hookeri Veitch

Croton illustris Van Geert

Croton imperialis Van Geert

Croton incanus Blume

Croton insignis Van Geert

Croton interruptus Van Geert

Croton irregularis Van Geert

Croton johannis Veitch ex Regel

Croton lacteus Van Houtte

Croton lacteus Veitch

Croton latimaculatus Chantrier

Croton limbatus W.Bull

Croton mac-arthurii Van Geert

Croton mac-farlanei Van Geert

Croton macrophyllus Chantrier ex André

Croton magnoliifolia auct.

Croton majesticus T.Moore

Croton massangeanum Linden ex André

Croton maximus Linden

Croton mirabilis Van Geert

Croton mirus Domin

Croton multicolor Veitch ex André

Croton musaicus André

Croton newmannii W.Bull

Croton niger Van Geert

Croton nobilis Van Geert

Croton ovalifolius Van Geert

Croton philippsii B.S.Williams

Croton picturatum W.Bull

Croton pictus G.Lodd.

Croton pilgrimii Van Geert

Croton recurvifolius Van Geert

Croton regelii auct.

Croton rubescens Van Geert

Croton rubrolinearis Van Geert

Croton russellii auct.

Croton sinitzianus Van Geert

Croton spectabilis Van Geert

Croton spiralis Van Geert

Croton thomsonii auct.

Croton tortilis H.J.Veitch

Croton tricolor Van Geert

Croton trilobus W.Bull

Croton truffautianus Van Geert

Croton truffautii Chantrier

Croton undulatus Van Geert

Croton variabilis Van Geert

Croton variegatus L.

Croton veitchianus André

Croton veitchii Van Geert

Croton vervaetii Linden

Croton volutus W.Bull

Croton warneri Chantrier ex André

Croton weismannii H.J.Veitch

Croton wigmannii B.S.Williams

Croton williamsii Van Geert

Croton witterianus auct.

Croton youngii Veitch

Crozophyla angustifolia Raf.

Crozophyla elliptica Raf.

Crozophyla picta (G.Lodd.) Raf.

Crozophyla variegata (L.) Raf.

Junghuhnia glabra Miq.

Oxydectes variegata (L.) Kuntze

Phyllaurea codiaeum Lour.

Phyllaurea variegata (L.) W.Wight

Ricinus pictus Noronha

Common Name:

Codiaeum variegatum
Cultivated plant
Photograph by: darina
Creative Commons License
Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum Codiaeum variegatum

General Information

Codiaeum variegatum is an evergreen shrub or a small tree branching from low down; it can grow up to 3 metres tall but is usually smaller in cultivation[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is often grown as an ornamental in gardens, being especially valued for its vast range of variegated-leaf cultivars.

Known Hazards

This species may be poisonous if consumed in large quantities[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].
The bark, roots, latex and leaves are poisonous, containing the toxin called 5-deoxyingenol. Chewing the bark and roots is said to cause burning of the mouth[
350
Title
National Tropical Botanical Garden
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ntbg.org/plants/choose_a_plant.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
General information on almost 400 species, with descriptions, habitats and some uses.
].
The latex has caused eczema in some gardeners after repeated exposure[
350
Title
National Tropical Botanical Garden
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ntbg.org/plants/choose_a_plant.php
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
General information on almost 400 species, with descriptions, habitats and some uses.
].

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, northeast Australia, through the western Pacific to Fiji and Vanuatu

Habitat

An understory plant in well developed lowland and upland rain forest but tends to be more common at the drier end of the rain forest types and is most abundant on soils derived from recent basalt flows; at elevations up to 800 metres[
713
Title
Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/cd-keys/rfk/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online resource giving botanical information, and a little bit about plant usage, for over 2,700 species of plants found in the Australian rainforest.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height1.20 m
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Plants can succeed in full sun to fairly dense shade, depending upon the variety[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
]. Requires a moist soil[
423
Title
Desert Tropicals
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.desert-tropicals.com/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
The main focus of the site is succulent plants, but it also contains information on a wide range of other species. Usually at least one good photograph, plus basic information about the plant and its cultivation.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaves are abortifacient, antiamoebic, antibacterial, anticancer, antifungal, antioxidant, emmenagogue, purgative and sedative[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]. A decoction of the crushed leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhoea[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]. Chewing three leaves and then swallowing the juice is used to stimulate menstrual flow, to induce an abortion or to facilitate parturition[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
,
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
]. The leafsap is drunk and also applied topically to treat a snake bite[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
]. The sap of the leaves, combined with coconut milk, is used in the treatment of syphylitic lesions[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]. The young leaves, combined with Pandanus macroieacceretia, coconut milk and the root sap of Areca catechu, is used in the treatment of gonorrhoea[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
The green liquid from boiled leaves is used as a wash to ease fevers[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
]. The sap from the leaves or the bark is used to treat sores and fungal infections[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

A decoction of the root is used in the treatment of gastric ulcers[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
]. The root, combined with betel nut (Areca catechu) is chewed as a treatment for stomachache and to give temporary relief from toothache[
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on modern research into the plants.
].

Studies have shown the leaves and shoots to be rich in alkaloids (most abundant), cardiac glycosides, saponins, tannins, cardenolides, flavenoids, steroids and phyllates[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
Phytochemical screening of six clone cultivars showed bioactive constituents that included alkaloids, anthraquinones, flavanoids, terpenes, steroid, phenol, saponins, tannins, phlobatannin and cardenolide, which suggests their use as antibacterial, antiamoebic and antifungal[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
In a study of 55 traditional medicinal plants in Cameroon, only the leaves extract of this species exhibited a clear antiamoebic activity that was more pronounced than the conventional treatment metronidazole[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].
A study showed the latex to have a high molluscicidal activity against freshwater snails[
360
Title
Philippine Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.stuartxchange.org/CompleteList.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A lovely site, giving brief details on the medicinal uses of several hundred (over 400 at the last count) plants in the Philippines, plus a picture of each plant.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cuttings
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Codiaeum+variegatum>

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